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SIL Electronic Survey Reports 2012-010

A Phonological and Lexical Comparison of Western Miao Dialects in Honghe = 红河州苗语方言的发音与词汇比较

Authors  Castro, Andy
Flaming, Royce
Luo Youliang
Abstract 

本文主要是发表作者在红河州自2009年5月至7月对苗族支系语研究的结果。这次研究是世界少数民族语文研究院东亚部与红河哈尼族彝族自治州民族研究所一起合作完成的。红河州的苗族人口大概有27.4万,至少有11个不同的支系,每个支系都有它独特的土语。虽然这些苗族支系语之间的语言基本一致,可以相互沟通,但是在语音和词汇方面都有一定的差异,这些差异是在以往的研究中还未曾被描述过的。本文描述这些支系语之间的差异,并将这些差异分组归类。所得结论是:红河州11个苗族支系语大致上可分为四个语组,每一组在语音和词汇上都有共同的特点。


This paper presents the findings of a Miao dialect survey conducted in Honghe prefecture from May to July 2009. This survey was carried out as a cooperative project by SIL East Asia Group and the Honghe Hani-Yi Autonomous Prefecture Ethnic Research Institute. Honghe prefecture is home to around 274,000 Miao speakers, belonging to at least eleven different sub-branches. Each sub-branch speaks its own distinctive dialect. Although the Miao dialects display high functional intelligibility among each other, there are significant differences both in pronunciation and lexicon which have not been previously researched. This paper describes and categorises these differences, concluding that the eleven dialects which are considered can be grouped into four broad dialect clusters, each sharing common phonological and lexical characteristics.

  A Phonological and Lexical Comparison of Western Miao Dialects in Honghe = 红河州苗语方言的发音与词汇比较
Published  2012
Country  China
Subjects  Language surveys
Sociolinguistics
Keywords  社会语言学; 方言学; 音系学; 苗语; 川黔滇方言; 红河州; sociolinguistics; dialectology; phonology; Miao; Hmong; Honghe prefecture