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Malagasy ethnies : Malagasy

Malagasy ethnies : Central

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Antakay

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Betsileo

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Bezanozano

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Merina

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Merina : Ambaniandro

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Merina : Amboalambo

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Merina : Borizano

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Merina : Hova

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Sihanaka

Malagasy ethnies : Central : Vakinankaratra

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Andriambahoaka

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Anjoaty

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Betanimena

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Betsimisaraka

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Betsimisaraka : Zanamalata

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Betsimisaraka : Northern Betsimisaraka (Antavaratra, Tavaratra)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Betsimisaraka : Southern Betsimisaraka (Antatsimo, Tatsimo)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Sahafatra

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Sahavoay

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Saint Mariens

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Antambahoaka (Tambahoaka)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Tanala (Antanala)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Tanala (Antanala) : Zafindiamanana

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Tefasy (Antefasy, Antaifasy)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Tefasy (Antefasy, Antaifasy) : Zafisoro

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Temoro (Antemoro, Antaimoro)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Tesaka (Antesaka, Antaisaka)

Malagasy ethnies : Eastern : Zafimaniry

Malagasy ethnies : Northern

Malagasy ethnies : Northern : Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana)

Malagasy ethnies : Northern : Tsimihety

Malagasy ethnies : North-western

Malagasy ethnies : North-western : Antalaotra

Malagasy ethnies : Southern

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Imamono

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Manonga

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Marovola

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Masitoka

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Vilakatsy

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Zafimandomboka

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Zafimarozaha

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Zafindrendriko

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Tevondro (Antevondro)

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Tsienimbalala

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Zafimanely

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Zafimarozaha

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Bara : Zafindravola

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Karimbola (Karembola)

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Kimosy

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Mahafale (Mahafaly)

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Tandroy (Antandroy, Ntandroy)

Malagasy ethnies : Southern : Tandroy (Antandroy, Ntandroy) : Afomarolahy

Malagasy ethnies : South-eastern

Malagasy ethnies : South-eastern : Tanosy (Antanosy)

Malagasy ethnies : South-eastern : Tanosy (Antanosy) : Fareze (Tefareze, Antanosy Tefareze, "Tambolo")

Malagasy ethnies : South-western

Malagasy ethnies : South-western : Korao

Malagasy ethnies : South-western : Masikoro

Malagasy ethnies : South-western : Masikoro : Andrevola

Malagasy ethnies : South-western : Mikea

Malagasy ethnies : South-western : Tañalaña

Malagasy ethnies : Western

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Beosy

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Makoa

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Menabe

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Bemazava (Sakalava)

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Northern Sakalava

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Sakalava Analalava

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Sakalava Menabe

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Sambirano

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Southern Sakalava

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Sakalava : Sakalava Boeina

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Vazimba

Malagasy ethnies : Western : Vezo

Malagasy ethnies : Other

Malagasy ethnies : Other : Wakwak

Malagasy ethnies : Other : Kibushi (Shibushi)

aubertjeanmarie 1984Aubert, Jean-Marie. 1984. Inculturation de l'eglise Catholique dans le nord de Madagascar. PhD dissertation. Université de Paris-Sorbonne.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Missiology,
Religion,
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
History,
Anthropology and ethnology,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Sakalava,
Western,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,

aubertjeanmarie 1986Aubert, Jean-Marie. 1986. L'inculturation de l'eglise Catholique dans le nord de Madagascar. Recherches et Documents 1:1-43.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Missiology,
Religion,
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
History,
Anthropology and ethnology,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Sakalava,
Western,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,

dezjacques 1993Dez, Jacques. 1993. Une contribution anglaise à la connaissance de la langue malgache: L'enquête dialectale du révérend J. Richardson (1893). Atlas linguistique et ethnographique de Madagascar. Travaux préliminaires 2. Strasbourg: Université des Sciences Humaines.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Dialectology,
Linguistics,
Malagasy language,
Sociolinguistics,
Applied linguistics,
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
History,
Austronesian,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Sambirano,
Sakalava,
Western,
Zafisoro,
Tefasy (Antefasy, Antaifasy),
Eastern,
Hova,
Merina,
Central,
Tanala (Antanala),
Temoro (Antemoro, Antaimoro),
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,
Betsileo,
Bezanozano,
Sihanaka,
Vakinankaratra,
Betsimisaraka,
Masikoro,
South-western,
Vezo,
Bara,
Southern,

grandidierguillaume&decaryraymond 1958Grandidier, Guillaume, and Raymond Decary. 1958. Histoire politique et coloniale: Histoire des populations autres que les merina. Fascicule I: Betsileo, Betsimisaraka, AnTanôsy, Sihanaka, Tsimihety, Bezanozaro, Antanala, Antankarana, Bara, Mahafaly, Antandroy. Histoire physique, naturelle et politique de Madagascar 5. Antananarivo: Imprimerie Officielle de la Colonie.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
Social sciences - other,
History,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Mahafale (Mahafaly),
Southern,
Bara,
Sihanaka,
Central,
Bezanozano,
Betsileo,
Tsimihety,
Northern,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Tanala (Antanala),
Eastern,
Betsimisaraka,

gueuniernoeljacques 1994Gueunier, Noël Jacques. 1994. Les chemins de l'Islam à Madagascar. Paris: L'Harmattan.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
Religion,
History,
Anthropology and ethnology,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Sakalava,
Western,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,
Temoro (Antemoro, Antaimoro),
Eastern,
Anjoaty,

jullyantony 1901Jully, Antony. 1901. Manuel des dialectes malgaches. Comprenant sept dialectes: Hova, Betsileo, Tankarana, Betsimisaraka, Taimorona, Tanôsy, Sakalava (mahafaly) et le Soahély. Paris: Librairie Africaine et Coloniale.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Malagasy language,
Linguistics,
Applied linguistics,
Swahili,
Indian Ocean region,
Madagascar,
History,
Austronesian,
Anthropology and ethnology,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Hova,
Merina,
Central,
Sakalava,
Western,
Tanosy (Antanosy),
South-eastern,
Mahafale (Mahafaly),
Southern,
Betsileo,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,
Temoro (Antemoro, Antaimoro),
Eastern,
Betsimisaraka,

lambekmichael&walshandrew 1997Lambek, Michael, and Andrew Walsh. 1997. The imagined community of the Antankaraña: Identity, history, and ritual in northern Madagascar. Journal of Religion in Africa 27(3):308-333.

language(s):
English
topic(s):
Malagasy language,
Linguistics,
Sociolinguistics,
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
History,
Austronesian,
Anthropology and ethnology,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Sakalava,
Western,
Tsimihety,
Northern,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),

Excellent for insight into Antankarana group identity.

mbimapierreernest 1986Mbima, Pierre Ernest. 1986. Contact du français et du parler malgache-antekarana: Problèmes linguistiques. Master's thesis. CUT.

language(s):
French
topic(s):
Malagasy language,
Linguistics,
Sociolinguistics,
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
Austronesian,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,

verinpierre&smithdavid 1986Vérin, Pierre, and David Smith. 1986. The history of civilisation in north Madagascar. Rotterdam, Boston: A.A. Balkema.

language(s):
English
topic(s):
Malagasy language,
Linguistics,
Diachronic linguistics,
Madagascar,
Indian Ocean region,
Religion,
History,
Austronesian,
Anthropology and ethnology,
Malagasy ethnie(s):
Sakalava,
Western,
Makoa,
Tankarana (Antankarana, Tekarana, Antekarana),
Northern,

Some very original etymological insights into the language of the North are offered in this work and these deserve to be followed up. See pp 48-49.

Selected quotes:

  • In all the dialects of Madagascar, there are words that date back to the early period of Afro-Indonesian symbiosis. Exemples of such words are omby (ox), ondry (sheep), akanga (guinea fowl), akoho (chicken), etc. This implies that there was an important Bantu influence when the breeding of livestock was introduced into Madagascar. On the other hand, there are many Bantu borrowings which do not belong to the north-west. These include, for example, the word mahogo (cassava), which is mangahazo in the center of the island and balahazo in the south, as well as many terms used in seafaring.
    Place names also follow this general rule. There are few such names with a Bantu origin in Malagasy, or perhaps it would be more correct to say that these are either barely recognizable or even rare (Kaday, Kasijy, Mazy). On the northwest coast, however, there are several place names which have been introduced more recently by the Swahilis of the échelles. These include, among others, Kivinja (the encampments), Kandrany (in the shape of cape, Kanda), Ankomany (where there are sea plants), Langany, Karakajoro (like a raised finger), Sangajira (way of the sands), Kongony (where there are bugs), Kisimany (where there is a well), Bandany (where there are houses), Djangoa (tidal creek) (46-7).
  • It is as yet hardly possible for us to disentangle the different contributions that were made in successive stages, but many authors felt that the population of the west and the north of Madagascar was very heterogeneous. Throughout the whole of his book on the north-west, Mellis stressed the contrast between 'the people of the sea' (Antandrano) and 'those of the interior' (olo boka antety). He also pointed out that this contrast is marked by certain funeral rites. According to Mellis, 'the Antankara in the strict sense of the word are, above all, "Antandrano" (those of the water). They occupy the coastline of the island and live from the products of the sea. Some scholars say that they are the Vahizo (=Vezo) of the North' (Mellis 1938:15).
    Mellis also noted that this right to the coastline meant that the Antankara kings were Tompondjia, that is, masters of the sand, and in charge of turtle hunting (47).
  • Vezo-Antavelo (48).
  • Throughout the history of the Sakalava kingdom, the political movements of the Boina had repercussions in the extreme North. It is even possible to say that, despite their relative autonomy, the Ankarana and the mountainous interior of the Androna were submitted-and indeed had been submitted since the beginning of history-to a process of 'Sakalavization'. The Sakalava influence has led some scholars to believe that, at the linguistic and ethnographic levels, the people of the north were connected to the Western Madagascan province, even though they were in fact very close to the Betsimisaraka of the north (113).