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What is hypothetical mood?



Hypothetical mood is an epistemic mood that signals that the speaker evaluates a proposition as counterfactual, but otherwise possible.

Example (Lakhota)
  • The word tkha signals hypothetical mood, as in the following construction (diacritical markings are not reproduced here):

    lehayela ma -t?a tkha
    now lps-die HYPOTHETICAL
    ‘I could have/ almost died.’

    Boas and Deloria 1941 112, cited by Chung and Timberlake 1985 243

  • Generic
      Hypothetical mood is a kind of

    Noonan 1985 95


    Chung and Timberlake 1985 243


    Boas and Deloria 1941 112

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