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What is experiencer as a semantic role?

 

Definition
 

Experiencer is the semantic role of an entity (or referent) which

 
  • receives
  • accepts
  • experiences, or
  • undergoes the effect of an action.
Discussion
 

Normally an experiencer is an entity that receives a sensory impression, or in some other way is the locus of some event or activity that involves neither volition nor a change of state.

Examples (English)
 
  • He was scared.
  • Lucretia saw the bicycle.
  • It was Bill who smelled the bacon first.
  • The explosion was heard by everyone.
Generic
  Experiencer is a kind of
 
Sources
 

Longacre 1983 155

 

Payne, T. 1997a 50


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