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What is an ascertainment relation?

 

Definition
 

An ascertainment relation is an internal alternative relation in which a following proposition presents an alternative circumstance where a preparatory condition, of the illocutionary act that includes the previous proposition, is not met. The alternative is presented to make a query about the defectiveness or nondefectiveness of the illocutionary act.

Examples (English)
 
  • Do you want a sandwich? Or, aren’t you hungry?
  • Congratulations with your new car. Or, aren’t you happy with it?
  • Shut up! Or, don’t you see I’m busy?
 
Source:

Dijk 1981 170

Generic
  An ascertainment relation is a kind of
 
Source
 

Dijk 1981 170–171


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