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What is an allomorph?



An allomorph is one of two or more complementary morphs which manifest a morpheme in its different phonological or morphological environments.


The allomorphs of a morpheme are derived from phonological rules and any morphophonemic rules that may apply to that morpheme.

Examples (English)

The plural morpheme in English, usually written as '-s', has at least three allomorphs:

  • [-s] as in [hQts] 'hats'
  • [-z] as in [d&u0254;gz] 'dogs'
  • [«z] as in [bŒks«z] 'boxes'
  An allomorph is a kind of
See also

Hartmann and Stork 1972 10


Crystal 1985 13


Payne, T. 1997a:23

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