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What is an adjective?

 

Definition
 

An adjective is a word that belongs to a class whose members modify nouns. An adjective specifies the properties or attributes of a noun referent.

Discussion
 

Some languages have no formally distinct category of adjectives. In such languages, property concepts are expressed as either nouns or verbs.

 

An adjective generally

 
  • occurs in a noun phrase or as a stative predicate
  • may be intensified, and
  • may take comparative and superlative degrees.
Examples (English)
 
  • That cat is big.
  • We will not drive the old car.
  • I am very encouraged!
  • She is more agile than you.
Kinds
  Here are some kinds of adjectives:
 
Generic
  An adjective is a kind of
 
Sources
 

Crystal 1980 14

 

Hartmann and Stork 1972 5

 

Mish 1991 56


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