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What is a verbal particle?

 

Definition
 

A verbal particle is a member of a closed class of particles which co-occur with some verbs to form phrasal verbs. In some languages, verbal particles are identical to certain adpositions.

Example (English)
 
  • The item give up is a verbal particle, as in the following:

    • He gave up smoking.
    • He gave smoking up.
  • Example (Akan)
     

    The item gyee...so ‘answered’ is a verbal particle, as in the following:

     
    Kofi gyee Kwame so
     
    Kofi received Kwame on
     

    ‘Kofi answered Kwame.’

     
    Source:

    Schachter 1985 45

    Generic
      A verbal particle is a kind of
     
    Source
     

    Schachter 1985 45–46


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