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What is a syntagmatic lexical relation?

 

Definition
 

A syntagmatic lexical relation is a culturally determined pattern of association between pairs of lexical units (A1-B1, A2-B2, A3-B3…) where the

 
  • two members of each pair (A1 and B1)

    • have compatible semantic components
    • are in a fixed syntactic and semantic relationship to each other, and
    • are typically associated with each other, and
  • corresponding members of each pair (A1, A2, A3…)

    • belong to the same lexical category
    • fill the same syntactic position in a syntactic construction, and
    • have the same semantic function.
Examples (English)
 
  • Actor
  • Undergoer
  • Location
  • Instrument
  • Benefactor
  • Goal
  • Feel
  • Sound
  • Degradation
  • Intensification
  • Material composition
 

For more information on the lexical relations listed above, refer to Coward and Grimes 1995.

Structure
 

Syntagmatic lexical relations are structured in sets of pairs.


Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

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