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What is a scalar property lexical relation?

 

Introduction
 

Understanding the scalar property lexical relation is important in using words which refer to such things as

 
  • dimensions, and
  • physical properties.
Definition
 

A scalar property lexical relation is an association between sets of lexical units which refers to the relative values for a property of an object or event as determined against a qualitative standard.

Examples (English)
 
  • Scalar property

    Example

    Relative distances

    {here, there, yonder}

    Relative force

    {nudge, push, bulldoze}

    Relative size

    {tiny, small, medium, large, huge}

    Relative time

    {immediately, soon, later}

    Relative temperature

    {cold, cool, lukewarm, warm, hot}

    Relative velocity (human movement)

    {crawl, walk, run}

  • Underlying structure
     

    A scalar property set has the structure of a scale.

     
    See:

    What is a lexical relation with a scale structure for other examples of similar lexical relations in English.

    Frames
     

    Here are some frames for testing and eliciting a scalar property lexical relation:

     
    • Using a set of objects differing only in a particular property (such as size), ask a language associate to describe and compare the different objects.
    • The <property name> of an <object name, activity name> can range from A, to B, to C…to F.

    Context for this page:

    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

    Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

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