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What is a means-result relation?



A means-result relation is a causal relation in which

  • one proposition expresses a state or activity employed so as to bring about the state or event expressed by the other proposition, and
  • the achievement or nonachievement of the desired state or event is expressed.
Example (English)
  • He kept from disturbing the boss by being quiet.
  • Generic
      A means-result relation is a kind of

    Beekman and Callow 1974 301–302


    Beekman, Callow, and Kopesec 1981 102

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