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What is a circumfix?

 

Definition
 

A circumfix is an affix made up of two separate parts which surround and attach to a root or stem.

 

The morphological process whereby this is achieved is called circumfixation.

Example (Tuwali Ifugao, Philippines)
 

The circumfix ka--an is a nominalizer and surrounds a root.

  • baddang: root ‘help’ v.
  • ka--an: circumfix ‘NOMR’
  • kabaddangan: word ‘helpfulness’
  • Generic
      A circumfix is a kind of
     

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    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

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