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Comparison of various syntactic, grammatical and semantic classes, relations, categories

 

Introduction
 

Because there are so many similar-sounding terms for various groupings of linguistic things, they are listed together here for clarification.

Compare
 

Here are sample members of each group listed:

 
  • Grammatical category (person, number, tense, aspect, mood, case, gender, voice)
  • Syntactic category (NP, VP, noun, verb, yes-no question markers)

  • Grammatical class (transitive and intransitive verbs; count and mass nouns)
  • Grammatical relations (subject, direct object, indirect object)
  • Functional categories (agent, patient, instrument [semantic roles]; topic, comment; definite NP)
Sources
 

Bickford and Daly 1996 2–9


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