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French/English Glossary of Linguistic Terms

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French word list


  sujet apparent
  sujet explétif
  sujet nul
  sujet parlant
  sujet phrastique
  sujet réel


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Fr    sujet psychologique, thème1, topique


Synonym(s): psychological subject, sentence topic, theme

Antonym(s): comment

Related term(s): assertion2, deep subject, focus1, given information, logical subject, subject, underlying subject


Arndt & Janney 1987: 249-250
ARNDT, Horst & JANNEY, Richard Wayne. (1987) InterGrammar: Toward an Integrative Model of Verbal, Prosodic and Kinesic Choices in Speech. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (CA)

Brown & Yule 1983: 70-71
BROWN, Gillian & YULE, George. (1983) Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (DA)

Comrie 1981: 58, 191 (topic-worthiness)
COMRIE, Bernard. (1981) Language Universals and Linguistic Typology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (TY)

Croft 1990: 10 (=sentence topic), 167-168
CROFT, William. (1990) Typology and Universals. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (TY)

Crystal 2003: 468 (also "topic sentence")
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.

Dijk 1977: 114
DIJK, Teun A. van. (1977) Text and Context. Explorations in the Semantics and Pragmatics of Discourse. London : Longman. (PR)

Dijk 1980: 39, 94-95 (sentence topic)
DIJK, Teun A. van. (1980) Macrostructures: An Interdisciplinary Study of Global Structures in Discourse, Interaction, and Cognition. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.

Dik 1978: 19, 141
DIK, Simon C. (1978) Functional Grammar. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co. (FG)

Ducrot & Todorov 1979[trans.]: 270-271
DUCROT, Oswald and TODOROV, Tzvetan. (1979 [trans.]) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the  Sciences of Language. Trans. by Catherine Porter. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 

ELL: 4629ff.
The Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. (1994) Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Finch 2000: 97-98
FINCH, Geoffrey. (2000) Linguistic Terms and Concepts. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Givon 1984: 137-138
GIVON, Talmy. (1984) Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction, Vols. I & II. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (SY)

Grimes 1975: 324
GRIMES, Joseph E. (1975) The Thread of Discourse. The Hague: Mouton. (DA)

Hartmann & Stork 1972: 239
HARTMANN, R.R.K. & STORK, F.C. (1972) Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. London: Applied Science Publishers.

Hock 1986: 314-315
HOCK, Hans Henrich. (1986) Principles of Historical Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (HL)

Kuno 1987: 16-17, 23 (topichood)
KUNO, Susumu. (1987) Functional Syntax: Anaphora, Discourse & Empathy. Chicago: University Press. (SY)

Levinson 1983: 88
LEVINSON, Stephen C. (1983) Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  (PR)

Lyons 1971: 334-335
LYONS, John. (1971) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. 

Lyons 1977: 501
LYONS, John. (1977) Semantics. Vols. 1 & 2. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (SM)

Martin & Ringham 2006: 202 (topic space)
MARTIN, Bronwen & RINGHAM, Felizitas. (2006) Key Terms in Semiotics. London: Continuum. (SN)

Matthews 1981: 214-215
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1981) Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (SY)

Matthews 1997: 380-381 (#2, #3; also "topic-prominent language")
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nash 1968: 243
NASH, Rose. (1968) Multilingual Lexicon of Linguistics and Philology: English, Russian, German, French. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press. 

Palmatier 1972: 182
PALMATIER, Robert A. (1972) A Glossary for English Transformational Grammar. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (GG)

Pike & Pike 1982: 226
PIKE, Kenneth L. & PIKE, Evelyn G. (1982) Grammatical Analysis. Dallas: SIL & UTA. (TA)

Quirk etal. 1985: 79
QUIRK, Randolph, GREENBAUM, Sidney, LEECH, Geoffrey, & SVARTNIK, Jan. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.

Richards etal. 1992: 384 (#2)
RICHARDS, Jack, PLATT,  J. & WEBER,  H.  (1992) Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.

Ruwet 1973[trans.]: 280
RUWET, Nicholas. (1973 [trans.]) An Introduction to Generative Grammar. Trans. by Norval S.H. Smith. Amsterdam : North-Holland Publishing Co. (GG)

Sperber & Wilson 1988: 202, 216 (= sentence topic)
SPERBER, Dan & WILSON, Deirdre. (1988) Relevance: Communication and Cognition. Cambridge, MA: Harvard Univ. Press. (PR)

Trask 1993: 279-280
TRASK, R. L. (1993) A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. New York: Routledge.

Vachek 1966: 18
VACHEK, Josef. (1966) The Linguistic School of Prague. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. (PS)

Wales 1989: 462
WALES, Katie. (1989) A Dictionary of Stylistics. London: Longman. 

Weinreich 1980: 63
WEINREICH, Uriel. (1980) On Semantics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (SM)



English word list


  tongue height
  tonic vowel
  top-down methodology
  topic marker
  topical coherence
  topical organization


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