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French/English Glossary of Linguistic Terms

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French word list


  suivi (de)
  sujet apparent
  sujet explétif
  sujet nul
  sujet parlant
  sujet phrastique
  sujet réel


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Fr    sujet


Antonym(s): predicate1

Type of: grammatical function, grammatical relation

Related term(s): actor1, agent, anti-subject, first argument, prime actant, sentence topic, subjective1, theme, topic


Akmajian etal. 1984: 179-180, 188 (subject frame)
AKMAJIAN, Adrian, DEMERS, Richard A., & HARNISH, Robert M. (1984) Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication, 2nd Ed. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Anderson 1971: 8
ANDERSON, John M. (1971) The Grammar of Case: Towards a Localistic Theory. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (CG)

Anderson 1977: 21
ANDERSON, John M. (1977) On Case Grammar: Prolegomena to a Theory of Grammatical Relations. London: Croom Helm. (CG)

Beaugrande & Dressler 1981: 67-68
BEAUGRANDE, Robert de & DRESSLER, Wolfgang. (1981) Introduction to Text Linguistics. London: Longman. (PR)

Clark & Clark 1977: 33-34
CLARK, Herbert H. & Eve V. (1977) Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich. (PL)

Colapietro 1993: 188-189
COLAPIETRO, Vincent M. (1993) Glossary of Semiotics. New York: Paragon House. (SN)

Collinge 1990: 283-284
COLLINGE, N. E. (1990) An Encyclopaedia of Language. London: Routledge.

Comrie 1981: 98ff. (also "subjecthood")
COMRIE, Bernard. (1981) Language Universals and Linguistic Typology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press. (TY)

Cook 1969: 67 (subject tagmeme)
COOK, Walter C. (1969) Introduction to Tagmemic Analysis. Washington: Georgetown University Press. (TA)

Croft 1990: 13
CROFT, William. (1990) Typology and Universals. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (TY)

Crystal 2003: 441-442
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.

Dik 1978: 87-88
DIK, Simon C. (1978) Functional Grammar. Amsterdam: North-Holland Publishing Co. (FG)

Dineen 1967: 264-265
DINEEN, Francis P. (1967) An Introduction to General Linguistics. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Dixon 1994: 111ff.
DIXON, R.M.W. (1994) Ergativity. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Doke 1935: 202 (also "definite subject", "indefinite subject", "subject in apposition")
DOKE, Clement M. (1935) Bantu Linguistic Terminology. London: Longmans, Green, & Co.

Ducrot & Todorov 1979[trans.]: 210, 213
DUCROT, Oswald and TODOROV, Tzvetan. (1979 [trans.]) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the  Sciences of Language. Trans. by Catherine Porter. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 

Eggins 1994: 20
EGGINS, Suzanne. (1994) An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Pinter Publishers. (FG)

ELL: 5176 (also "subject expression")
The Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. (1994) Oxford: Pergamon Press.

ES: 5-8
Encyclopedia of Semiotics. (1998) Oxford: Oxford University Press. (SN)

Finch 2000: 109-110
FINCH, Geoffrey. (2000) Linguistic Terms and Concepts. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Givon 1984: 136-137 (also "access-to-subject")
GIVON, Talmy. (1984) Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction, Vols. I & II. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (SY)

Greimas 1983[trans.]: 202-203
GREIMAS, A.J. (1983 [trans.]) Structural Semantics: An Attempt at a Method. Trans. by Daniele McDowell, Ronald Schleifer & Alan Velie.  Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press.  (SN)

Grimes 1975: 116
GRIMES, Joseph E. (1975) The Thread of Discourse. The Hague: Mouton. (DA)

Grosse 1977: 162 (positive subject, negative subject)
GROSSE, Ernst U. (1977) Current Trends in Textlinguistics, Vol. 2. Berlin: Walter de Gruyter, 155-173. (SN)

Haegeman 1991: 105
HAEGEMAN, Liliane. (1991) Introduction to Government and Binding Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. (GB)

Halliday 1994: 30, 72-73
HALLIDAY, M.A.K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (Second Edition). London: Edward Arnold.  (FG)

Hamp 1963: 55
HAMP, Eric P. (1963) A Glossary of American Technical Linguistic Usage 1925-1950. Utrecht: Spectrum Publishers. 

Hartmann & Stork 1972: 224
HARTMANN, R.R.K. & STORK, F.C. (1972) Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. London: Applied Science Publishers.

Kuno 1987: 73-74 (accessible subject)
KUNO, Susumu. (1987) Functional Syntax: Anaphora, Discourse & Empathy. Chicago: University Press. (SY)

Longacre 1983: 37
LONGACRE, Robert E. (1983) The Grammar of Discourse. New York: Plenum Press. (DA)

Lyons 1971: 334f.
LYONS, John. (1971) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. 

Lyons 1977: 500-501
LYONS, John. (1977) Semantics. Vols. 1 & 2. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (SM)

Martin & Ringham 2006: 192-193 (also "subject of doing", "subject of state")
MARTIN, Bronwen & RINGHAM, Felizitas. (2006) Key Terms in Semiotics. London: Continuum. (SN)

Martinet 1964[trans.]: 117
MARTINET, André. (1964 [trans.]) Elements of General Linguistics. Chicago: University of Chicago.  (FM)

Matthews 1981: 97-98
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1981) Syntax. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (SY)

Matthews 1997: 358-359 (also "subject clause")
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nash 1968: 38 (compound subject), 217 (simple subject), 231
NASH, Rose. (1968) Multilingual Lexicon of Linguistics and Philology: English, Russian, German, French. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press. 

Nöth 1990: 372
NÖTH, Winfried. (1990) Handbook of Semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  (SM)

Palmatier 1972: 171
PALMATIER, Robert A. (1972) A Glossary for English Transformational Grammar. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (GG)

Pei & Gaynor 1954: 205 (also "subject word")
PEI, Mario A. & GAYNOR, Frank. (1954) A Dictionary of Linguistics. New York : Philosophical Library.

Pike & Pike 1982: 44
PIKE, Kenneth L. & PIKE, Evelyn G. (1982) Grammatical Analysis. Dallas: SIL & UTA. (TA)

Quirk etal. 1985: 78-79
QUIRK, Randolph, GREENBAUM, Sidney, LEECH, Geoffrey, & SVARTNIK, Jan. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.

Radford 1988: 112-113, 313 (subjectless), 319 (also "Subject Expression", "Subject Idiom Chunk"), 552 (Clausal Subject Principle)
RADFORD, Andrew. (1988) Transformational Grammar: A First Course. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  (GG)

Richards etal. 1992: 361
RICHARDS, Jack, PLATT,  J. & WEBER,  H.  (1992) Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.

Ruwet 1973[trans.]: 280
RUWET, Nicholas. (1973 [trans.]) An Introduction to Generative Grammar. Trans. by Norval S.H. Smith. Amsterdam : North-Holland Publishing Co. (GG)

Searle 1969: 119
SEARLE, John R. (1969) Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  (SA)

Trask 1993: 266-267 (also "subject-prominent language")
TRASK, R. L. (1993) A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. New York: Routledge.

Wales 1989: 439-441
WALES, Katie. (1989) A Dictionary of Stylistics. London: Longman. 



English word list


  subject control
  subject position
  subject raising
  subject-control predicate


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