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English

stem1

Fr    radical1, thème2

nS

Synonym(s): complex root

Related term(s): athematic, base1, base form1, derivative2, derived form, root1

Domain: Morphology

Source(s):

Akmajian etal. 1984: 82
AKMAJIAN, Adrian, DEMERS, Richard A., & HARNISH, Robert M. (1984) Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication, 2nd Ed. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.


Bloomfield 1933: 225-226 (= kernel)
BLOOMFIELD, Leonard. (1933) Language. New York: Henry Holt.


Collinge 1990: 88
COLLINGE, N. E. (1990) An Encyclopaedia of Language. London: Routledge.


Cook 1969: 118
COOK, Walter C. (1969) Introduction to Tagmemic Analysis. Washington: Georgetown University Press. (TA)


Crystal 2003: 433
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.


Dik I 1997: 346
DIK, Simon C. (1997) The Theory of Functional Grammar, Part 1, 2nd edition: The Structure of the Clause. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (FG)


Ducrot & Todorov 1979[trans.]: 10 (root)
DUCROT, Oswald and TODOROV, Tzvetan. (1979 [trans.]) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the  Sciences of Language. Trans. by Catherine Porter. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 


ELL: 2553, 5174
The Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. (1994) Oxford: Pergamon Press.


Hamp 1963: 54
HAMP, Eric P. (1963) A Glossary of American Technical Linguistic Usage 1925-1950. Utrecht: Spectrum Publishers. 


Hartmann & Stork 1972: 219
HARTMANN, R.R.K. & STORK, F.C. (1972) Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. London: Applied Science Publishers.


Hock 1986: 29
HOCK, Hans Henrich. (1986) Principles of Historical Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (HL)


IEL: Vol. IV, 76-77
International Encyclopedia of Linguistics. (1992) New York: Oxford University Press.


Kess 1992: 318
KESS, Joseph F. (1992) Psycholinguistics: Psychology, Linguistics and the Study of Natural Language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (PL)


Kroeger 2005: 248, 250
KROEGER, Paul R. (2005) Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Lehmann 1992: 101
LEHMANN, Winfred P. (1992) Historical Linguistics, 3rd Edition. London: Routledge. (HL)


Longacre 1983: 245
LONGACRE, Robert E. (1983) The Grammar of Discourse. New York: Plenum Press. (DA)


Lyons 1971: 196
LYONS, John. (1971) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. 


Lyons 1977: 556
LYONS, John. (1977) Semantics. Vols. 1 & 2. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (SM)


Matthews 1974: 40 (also "complex stem (= derived stem)", "compound stem", "lexical stem), 73 (inflectional stem)
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1974) Morphology: An introduction to the theory of word-study. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (MO)


Matthews 1997: 353, 377 (theme - #2)
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


Nash 1968: 54 (derived stem), 198 (radical), 228, 269 (word stem)
NASH, Rose. (1968) Multilingual Lexicon of Linguistics and Philology: English, Russian, German, French. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press. 


Pei & Gaynor 1954: 204 (= stem base), 216 (theme)
PEI, Mario A. & GAYNOR, Frank. (1954) A Dictionary of Linguistics. New York : Philosophical Library.


Pike & Pike 1982: 25, 229 (sentence-stem)
PIKE, Kenneth L. & PIKE, Evelyn G. (1982) Grammatical Analysis. Dallas: SIL & UTA. (TA)


Pike, E. 1983: 11
PIKE, Evelyn. (1983) "A Brief Summary of the Tagmemic Model," in Bearth, T. (ed.), Perspectives dans l'analyse du discours. ILA-SIL, No.6. 7-22 (TA)


Pike, K. 1967: 443
PIKE, Kenneth L. (1967) Language in Relation to a Unified Theory of the Structure of Human Behavior, 2nd Ed. The Hague: Mouton. (TA)


Quirk etal. 1985: 40
QUIRK, Randolph, GREENBAUM, Sidney, LEECH, Geoffrey, & SVARTNIK, Jan. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.


Richards etal. 1992: 353
RICHARDS, Jack, PLATT,  J. & WEBER,  H.  (1992) Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.


Saussure 1959[trans.]: 185 (radical = inflectional theme)
SAUSSURE, Ferdinand de. (1959 [trans.]) Course in General Linguistics. Trans. by Wade Baskin. New York: Philosophical Library. (FT)


Trask 1993: 259-260
TRASK, R. L. (1993) A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. New York: Routledge.


Trask 1996: 334
TRASK, R. L. (1996) A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. London: Routledge.  (PH)


Welmers 1973: 160
WELMERS, William E. (1973) African Language Structures. Berkeley: University of California Press.


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English word list

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  statistical method
  statistical universals
  statistics
  stative
  status planning
  status2
  steady
stem1
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  stemma
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  stereotypy
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