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French/English Glossary of Linguistic Terms

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  description synchronique
  désignateur rigide
  désinence zéro
  désir de face


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Fr    désignation1, référence


Antonym(s): sense

Related term(s): co(-)referential (with), co(-)referentiality, demonstrative1, demonstrative pronoun, denotation, exophora, index4, meaning in context, point-of-reference, supposition


Akmajian etal. 1984: 244-246
AKMAJIAN, Adrian, DEMERS, Richard A., & HARNISH, Robert M. (1984) Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication, 2nd Ed. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Arndt & Janney 1987: 348-350 (inclusiveness of reference, exclusiveness of reference, explicitness of reference, inexplicitness of reference)
ARNDT, Horst & JANNEY, Richard Wayne. (1987) InterGrammar: Toward an Integrative Model of Verbal, Prosodic and Kinesic Choices in Speech. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (CA)

Beaugrande & Dressler 1981: 56
BEAUGRANDE, Robert de & DRESSLER, Wolfgang. (1981) Introduction to Text Linguistics. London: Longman. (PR)

Clark & Clark 1977: 410
CLARK, Herbert H. & Eve V. (1977) Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich. (PL)

Colapietro 1993: 169-170
COLAPIETRO, Vincent M. (1993) Glossary of Semiotics. New York: Paragon House. (SN)

Collinge 1990: 145-146
COLLINGE, N. E. (1990) An Encyclopaedia of Language. London: Routledge.

Crystal 2003: 391 (also "arbitrary reference")
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.

Dik I 1997: 127ff. (also "constructive reference", "identifying reference")
DIK, Simon C. (1997) The Theory of Functional Grammar, Part 1, 2nd edition: The Structure of the Clause. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (FG)

Doke 1935: 185 (also "like reference", "unlike reference")
DOKE, Clement M. (1935) Bantu Linguistic Terminology. London: Longmans, Green, & Co.

Dowty 1986: 45 (reference time)
DOWTY, D.R. (1986) "The Effects of Aspectual Class on the Temporal Structure of Discourse: Semantics or Pragmatics?", in Linguistics and Philosophy 9, 37-61. (PR)

Ducrot & Todorov 1979[trans.]: 247ff.
DUCROT, Oswald and TODOROV, Tzvetan. (1979 [trans.]) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the  Sciences of Language. Trans. by Catherine Porter. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 

Eggins 1994: 95f. (also "presuming reference", "presenting reference", "homophoric reference", "esphoric reference", "bridging reference", "locutional reference")
EGGINS, Suzanne. (1994) An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics. London: Pinter Publishers. (FG)

ELL: 3492ff.
The Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. (1994) Oxford: Pergamon Press.

ERC: 111
Encyclopedia of Rhetoric and Composition. (1996) New York: Garland Publishing, Inc. (RH)

Finch 2000: 28, 175-176 (also "constant reference", "variable reference")
FINCH, Geoffrey. (2000) Linguistic Terms and Concepts. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Givon 1984: 387f.
GIVON, Talmy. (1984) Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction, Vols. I & II. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (SY)

Grimes 1975: 45f. (also "group reference", "reference shift"), 183f. (also "reciprocal reference", "respective reference"), 299ff. (also "field of reference")
GRIMES, Joseph E. (1975) The Thread of Discourse. The Hague: Mouton. (DA)

Gumperz & Hymes 1972: 333 (adequate reference)
GUMPERZ, John J. and HYMES, Dell (eds.). (1972) Directions in Sociolinguistics: The Ethnography of Communication. New York: Holt, Reinhart & Winston. (EC)

Halliday & Hasan 1976: 31ff. (also "reference item", "personal reference", "extended reference", "text reference")
HALLIDAY, M.A.K. & HASAN, Ruqaiya. (1976) Cohesion in English. London: Longman.  (FG)

Halliday 1994: 312
HALLIDAY, M.A.K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (Second Edition). London: Edward Arnold.  (FG)

Hamp 1963: 49-50
HAMP, Eric P. (1963) A Glossary of American Technical Linguistic Usage 1925-1950. Utrecht: Spectrum Publishers. 

Hartmann & Stork 1972: 63 (= denotation), 193 (also "reference theory of meaning")
HARTMANN, R.R.K. & STORK, F.C. (1972) Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. London: Applied Science Publishers.

Kess 1992: 211
KESS, Joseph F. (1992) Psycholinguistics: Psychology, Linguistics and the Study of Natural Language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (PL)

Lehmann 1992: 256
LEHMANN, Winfred P. (1992) Historical Linguistics, 3rd Edition. London: Routledge. (HL)

Levinson 1983: 58f., 313-314
LEVINSON, Stephen C. (1983) Pragmatics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.  (PR)

Lyons 1971: 404-405
LYONS, John. (1971) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. 

Lyons 1977: 98, 177ff.
LYONS, John. (1977) Semantics. Vols. 1 & 2. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (SM)

Martin & Ringham 2006: 165
MARTIN, Bronwen & RINGHAM, Felizitas. (2006) Key Terms in Semiotics. London: Continuum. (SN)

Matthews 1997: 312-313 (also 'reference grammar", "reference tracking")
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nash 1968: 55 (Fr. désignation = Eng. designation)
NASH, Rose. (1968) Multilingual Lexicon of Linguistics and Philology: English, Russian, German, French. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press. 

Nida 1975: 24 (also "instance of reference")
NIDA, Eugene. (1975) Componential Analysis of Meaning. The Hague: Mouton. (SM)

Nöth 1990: 92ff. (designation)
NÖTH, Winfried. (1990) Handbook of Semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  (SM)

Palmatier 1972: 143
PALMATIER, Robert A. (1972) A Glossary for English Transformational Grammar. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (GG)

Pei & Gaynor 1954: 183-184
PEI, Mario A. & GAYNOR, Frank. (1954) A Dictionary of Linguistics. New York : Philosophical Library.

Quirk etal. 1985: 269 (sporadic reference), 1312 (reference edit)
QUIRK, Randolph, GREENBAUM, Sidney, LEECH, Geoffrey, & SVARTNIK, Jan. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.

Richards etal. 1992: 310-311
RICHARDS, Jack, PLATT,  J. & WEBER,  H.  (1992) Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.

Searle 1979: 26f.
SEARLE, John R. (1979) Expression & Meaning: Studies in the Theory of Speech Acts. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. (SA)

Trask 1993: 232-233 (also "reference-dominated language", "reference tracking")
TRASK, R. L. (1993) A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. New York: Routledge.

Wales 1989: 396-397
WALES, Katie. (1989) A Dictionary of Stylistics. London: Longman. 

Weinreich 1980: 4, 390 (note: designation = meaning)
WEINREICH, Uriel. (1980) On Semantics. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press. (SM)



English word list


  redundancy rule
  refer (to)
  reference chain
  referential expression
  referential module
  referential opacity
  referential semantics


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