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French/English Glossary of Linguistic Terms

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  philosophie du langage ordinaire
  phonème segmental


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Fr    phonème, unité phonologique


Synonym(s): phonological unit

Related term(s): archiphoneme, ceneme, minimal segment, second articulation, secondary articulation2

Domain: Phonology


Akmajian etal. 1984: 229
AKMAJIAN, Adrian, DEMERS, Richard A., & HARNISH, Robert M. (1984) Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication, 2nd Ed. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.

Benveniste 1971[trans.]: 102
BENVENISTE, Émile. (1971 [trans.]) Problems in General Linguistics. Trans. by Mary Elizabeth Meek. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press.

Bouquiaux & Thomas 1992 [trans.]: 97-98
BOUQUIAUX, Luc & THOMAS, Jacqueline M.C. (eds.) (1992 [trans.]) Studying and Describing Unwritten Languages. Trans. By James Roberts.  Dallas : SIL.  (FM)

Clark & Clark 1977: 178 (= phonological segment)
CLARK, Herbert H. & Eve V. (1977) Psychology and Language: An Introduction to Psycholinguistics. New York: Harcourt, Brace & Jovanovich. (PL)

Colapietro 1993: 158-159
COLAPIETRO, Vincent M. (1993) Glossary of Semiotics. New York: Paragon House. (SN)

Collinge 1990: 32-33
COLLINGE, N. E. (1990) An Encyclopaedia of Language. London: Routledge.

Cook 1969: 171-173
COOK, Walter C. (1969) Introduction to Tagmemic Analysis. Washington: Georgetown University Press. (TA)

Crystal 2003: 347-348
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.

Dineen 1967: 33
DINEEN, Francis P. (1967) An Introduction to General Linguistics. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Ducrot & Todorov 1979[trans.]: 171
DUCROT, Oswald and TODOROV, Tzvetan. (1979 [trans.]) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the  Sciences of Language. Trans. by Catherine Porter. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 

ELL: 3029ff.
The Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. (1994) Oxford: Pergamon Press.

Finch 2000: 60-62
FINCH, Geoffrey. (2000) Linguistic Terms and Concepts. New York: St. Martin's Press.

Haegeman 1991: 133
HAEGEMAN, Liliane. (1991) Introduction to Government and Binding Theory. Oxford: Blackwell. (GB)

Halliday 1994: 11
HALLIDAY, M.A.K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (Second Edition). London: Edward Arnold.  (FG)

Hamp 1963: 44-45 (also "macro-phoneme", "micro-phoneme")
HAMP, Eric P. (1963) A Glossary of American Technical Linguistic Usage 1925-1950. Utrecht: Spectrum Publishers. 

Hartmann & Stork 1972: 170-171
HARTMANN, R.R.K. & STORK, F.C. (1972) Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. London: Applied Science Publishers.

Hock 1986: 28
HOCK, Hans Henrich. (1986) Principles of Historical Linguistics. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (HL)

Kess 1992: 32
KESS, Joseph F. (1992) Psycholinguistics: Psychology, Linguistics and the Study of Natural Language. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (PL)

Longacre 1983: 332
LONGACRE, Robert E. (1983) The Grammar of Discourse. New York: Plenum Press. (DA)

Lyons 1971: 100-101
LYONS, John. (1971) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. 

Lyons 1977: 232
LYONS, John. (1977) Semantics. Vols. 1 & 2. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (SM)

MacKay 1989: 207 (also "length phoneme", "tone phoneme")
MACKAY, Ian. (1989) Phonetics and Speech Science. A Bilingual Dictionary. Dictionnaire Bilingue de la Phonétique et des Sciences de la Parole. New York/Bern: Peter Lang. (PH)

Martin & Ringham 2006: 148
MARTIN, Bronwen & RINGHAM, Felizitas. (2006) Key Terms in Semiotics. London: Continuum. (SN)

Martinet 1964[trans.]: 25
MARTINET, André. (1964 [trans.]) Elements of General Linguistics. Chicago: University of Chicago.  (FM)

Matthews 1997: 276
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nash 1968: 175
NASH, Rose. (1968) Multilingual Lexicon of Linguistics and Philology: English, Russian, German, French. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press. 

Nöth 1990: 183, 237-238
NÖTH, Winfried. (1990) Handbook of Semiotics. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.  (SM)

Onishi 1981: 419
ONISHI, Masao. (1981) A Grand Dictionary of Phonetics. Tokyo: The Phonetic Society of Japan.  (PH)

Palmatier 1972: 122
PALMATIER, Robert A. (1972) A Glossary for English Transformational Grammar. New York: Appleton-Century-Crofts. (GG)

Pei & Gaynor 1954: 167
PEI, Mario A. & GAYNOR, Frank. (1954) A Dictionary of Linguistics. New York : Philosophical Library.

Pike, K. 1967: 294-295
PIKE, Kenneth L. (1967) Language in Relation to a Unified Theory of the Structure of Human Behavior, 2nd Ed. The Hague: Mouton. (TA)

Richards etal. 1992: 272
RICHARDS, Jack, PLATT,  J. & WEBER,  H.  (1992) Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics. London: Longman.

Ruwet 1973[trans.]: 10, 68
RUWET, Nicholas. (1973 [trans.]) An Introduction to Generative Grammar. Trans. by Norval S.H. Smith. Amsterdam : North-Holland Publishing Co. (GG)

Saussure 1959[trans.]: 40
SAUSSURE, Ferdinand de. (1959 [trans.]) Course in General Linguistics. Trans. by Wade Baskin. New York: Philosophical Library. (FT)

Swadesh 1935: 118
SWADESH, Morris. (1935) "The Phonemic Principle", in Language, Vol.10, 117-129. (PH)

Trask 1996: 264-266 (also "autonomous (= classical) phoneme", "systematic phoneme")
TRASK, R. L. (1996) A Dictionary of Phonetics and Phonology. London: Routledge.  (PH)

Trubetzkoy 1969[trans.]: 35
TRUBETZKOY, N.S. (1969 [trans.]) Principles of Phonology. Trans by Christiane A.M. Baltaxe. Berkeley : University of California Press. (PS)

Vachek 1966: 43-45
VACHEK, Josef. (1966) The Linguistic School of Prague. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press. (PS)

Wales 1989: 353
WALES, Katie. (1989) A Dictionary of Stylistics. London: Longman. 



English word list


  philosophical semantics
  phonemic clause
  phonemic inventory
  phonemic notation
  phonemic tone


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