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  impératif
imperfectif
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English

imperfective

Fr    imperfectif

adj

Antonym(s): completive, perfective

Related term(s): continuative

Source(s):

Bybee etal. 1994: 83-85
BYBEE, Joan, PERKINS, Revere & PAGLIUCA William (1994) The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World. Chicago : Univ. of Chicago.


Crystal 2003: 342 (= non-perfective; also "imperfective verb")
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.


Kroeger 2005: 155 (imperfective form)
KROEGER, Paul R. (2005) Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Matthews 1997: 171
MATTHEWS, P.H. (1997) The Concise Oxford Dictionary of Linguistics. Oxford: Oxford University Press.


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nS

Antonym(s): perfective

Type of: aspect2

Related term(s): continuative

Source(s):

Bybee etal. 1994: 83-85 (also "past imperfective", "imperfectivity")
BYBEE, Joan, PERKINS, Revere & PAGLIUCA William (1994) The Evolution of Grammar: Tense, Aspect, and Modality in the Languages of the World. Chicago : Univ. of Chicago.


Comrie 1976: 24ff.
COMRIE, Bernard. (1976) Aspect. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Crystal 2003: 342 (= non-perfective)
CRYSTAL, David. (2003) A Dictionary of Linguistics and Phonetics, 5th Ed Oxford: Blackwell.


DIK I 1997: 221 (also "imperfectivity")
DIK, Simon C. (1997) The Theory of Functional Grammar, Part 1, 2nd edition: The Structure of the Clause. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. (FG)


Ducrot & Todorov 1979[trans.]: 307
DUCROT, Oswald and TODOROV, Tzvetan. (1979 [trans.]) Encyclopedic Dictionary of the  Sciences of Language. Trans. by Catherine Porter. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. 


ELL: 243-244, 5132
The Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics. (1994) Oxford: Pergamon Press.


Givon 1984: 276-277 (= incompletive)
GIVON, Talmy. (1984) Syntax: A Functional-Typological Introduction, Vols. I & II. Amsterdam: John Benjamins. (SY)


Halliday 1994: 241
HALLIDAY, M.A.K. (1994) An Introduction to Functional Grammar (Second Edition). London: Edward Arnold.  (FG)


Hartmann & Stork 1972: 20 (= durative)
HARTMANN, R.R.K. & STORK, F.C. (1972) Dictionary of Language and Linguistics. London: Applied Science Publishers.


Kroeger 2005: 154-155 (imperfective aspect)
KROEGER, Paul R. (2005) Analyzing Grammar: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


Lyons 1971: 313f.
LYONS, John. (1971) Introduction to Theoretical Linguistics. Cambridge: University Press. 


Lyons 1977: 705
LYONS, John. (1977) Semantics. Vols. 1 & 2. Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. (SM)


Nash 1968: 102 (= aspect imparfait)
NASH, Rose. (1968) Multilingual Lexicon of Linguistics and Philology: English, Russian, German, French. Coral Gables, FL: University of Miami Press. 


Pei & Gaynor 1954: 97 (imperfective aspect)
PEI, Mario A. & GAYNOR, Frank. (1954) A Dictionary of Linguistics. New York : Philosophical Library.


Quirk etal. 1985: 189 (= progressive)
QUIRK, Randolph, GREENBAUM, Sidney, LEECH, Geoffrey, & SVARTNIK, Jan. (1985) A Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. London: Longman.


Trask 1993: 135
TRASK, R. L. (1993) A Dictionary of Grammatical Terms in Linguistics. New York: Routledge.


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English word list

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  immediate
  immediate constituent (I.C.)
  immutability of the sign
  imperative
  imperfect1
  imperfect2
  imperfect tense
imperfective
  impersonal
  impersonal passive
  implementation
  implicate
  implication
  implicational
  implicature

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