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Glossary of linguistic terms

 
by Eugene E. Loos (general editor)
Susan Anderson (editor)
Dwight H., Day, Jr. (editor)
Paul C. Jordan (editor)
J. Douglas Wingate (editor)
 

This is a living glossary, and suggestions are welcome for additions or corrections. Please send your comments to: .

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Glossary (Linguistics): A

What is abessive case?
What is ablative case?
What is an absolute adjective?
What is absolute social deixis?
What is absolute tense?
What is absolute-relative tense?
What is absolutive case?
What is an abstract noun?
What is accompaniment as a semantic role?
What is an account?
What is accusative case?
What is acoustic phonetics?
What is active voice?
What is an actual implicature?
What is an actual presupposition?
What is an additive relation?
What is an addressee?
What is an addressee honorific?
What is an adjacency pair?
What is an adjective?
What is an adjunct?
What is an adposition?
What is an adpositional phrase?
What is advanced tongue root?
What is an adverb? (Linguistics)
What is an adverb? (Grammar)
What is an adverbial clause?
What is an adverbializer?
What is an affix? (Linguistics)
What is an affix? (Grammar)
What is affixation?
What is agent as a semantic role?
What is an agglutinative language?
What is agreement?
What is alethic modality?
What is an alienable noun?
What is allative case?
What is an allegory?
What is an allomorph?
What is an allophone?
What is an alternative question?
What is an alternative relation?
What is an ambiguous consonant sequence?
What is an ambiguous phonetic transition?
What is an ambiguous segment?
What is an ambiguous sequence?
What is an ambiguous vowel sequence?
What is the Americanist system?
What is an amplification relation?
What is an analytic definition?
What is anaphora?
What is an anaphoric clitic?
What is an anchored entity?
What is an animate class?
What is an antanaclasis?
What is an antecedent?
What is anthimeria?
What is an anthology?
What is an anticipatory illocution?
What is antipassive voice?
What is an antithesis relation?
What is antonomasia?
What is an apostrophe?
What is an apposition?
What is an article?
What is an articulation process?
What is an ascertainment relation?
What is aspect?
What is an assertive illocutionary point?
What is assumptive mood?
What is an attraction schema?
What is attributable silence?
What is an attribution relation?
What is an audience?
What is an auditory evidential?
What is an authorized recipient?
What is an authorized speaker?
What is autosegmental phonology?
What is auxesis?
What is an auxiliary verb?

Glossary (Linguistics): B

What is a background relation?
What is a balance schema?
What is a beginning-postspan relation?
What is benefactive case?
What is a beneficiary as a semantic role?
What is a biconditional relation?
What is a blockage schema?
What is a blocking circumstance?
What is a bound morpheme?
What is a bound root?
What is a bound stem?
What is bounded deixis?
What is boundedness?
What is a brand-new entity?
What is a breathy vowel?
What is a bystander?
What is a bystander honorific?

Glossary (Linguistics): C

What is a cardinal numeral?
What is case?
What is cataphora?
What is a causal relation?
What is a causative?
What is causative case?
What is causer as a semantic role?
What is a center-periphery schema?
What is a centrifugal?
What is a centripetal?
What is cessative aspect?
What is a chain of illocutionary commitments?
What is a circular definition?
What is a circumfix?
What is circumfixation?
What is a classifier?
What is a clausal implicature?
What is a clause?
What is a clause chain?
What is a cleft sentence?
What is a clitic? (Grammar)
What is close future tense?
What is a closed class?
What is coding time?
What is collateral information?
What is a collective noun?
What is a collocate?
What is comitative case?
What is a command?
What is a comment?
What is a commissive illocutionary point?
What is commissive modality?
What is commitment between illocutionary acts?
What is a common noun?
What is a complement?
What is a complement clause?
What is complementary distribution?
What is a complementizer?
What is a complex illocutionary act?
What is a complex sentence?
What is a compound?
What is a compound discourse?
What is a compound predicate?
What is a compound sentence?
What is a compulsion schema?
What is conceptual extendedness?
What is a concession relation?
What is a concrete noun?
What is a conditional relation?
What is a conjunction?
What is a conjunctive adverb?
What is a conjunctive illocutionary act?
What is a conjunctive verb?
What is a connective?
What is a consonant?
What is a consonant modification?
What is a constituent?
What is a construction?
What is a container metaphor?
What is a containment schema?
What is the context of an expression?
What is a continuant?
What is a continuer?
What is continuous aspect?
What is a contoid?
What is a contraction relation?
What is contrast in analogous environments?
What is contrast in identical environments?
What is a contrast relation?
What is contrastive analysis?
What is conventional implicature?
What is a conventional metaphor?
What is a conventional metonymy?
What is conversation analysis?
What is conversational implicature?
What is a conversational maxim?
What is the cooperative principle?
What is a coordinate clause?
What is a coordinating conjunction?
What is a copula?
What is a core argument?
What is coreference?
What is a correction relation?
What is a correlative conjunction?
What is a count noun?
What is a counteragent as a semantic role?
What is a counterfactual conditional relation?
What is a counterforce schema?
What is a cycle schema?

Glossary (Linguistics): D

What is dative as a semantic role?
What is dative case?
What is a declarative illocutionary point?
What is declarative mood?
What is deductive mood?
What is a defective illocutionary act?
What is a defective verb?
What is a definite concessive relation?
What is definite identifiability?
What is definiteness?
What is a definition?
What is a deictic center?
What is a deictic expression?
What is deixis?
What is delative case?
What is a delay?
What is deliberative mood?
What is a demonstrative?
What is deontic modality?
What is the dependent of a phrase?
What is derivation?
What is a derivational affix?
What is a derivative?
What is a description relation?
What is a descriptive text?
What is a determiner?
What is a development lexical relation?
What is a dialogue discourse?
What is a different subject marker?
What is a diphthong?
What is a direct illocution?
What is a direct object?
What is direct speech?
What is a directive illocutionary point?
What is directive modality?
What are discontinuous constituents?
What is a discontinuous morpheme?
What is a discourse?
What is discourse deixis?
What is a discourse schema?
What is a dismissive relation?
What is a dispreferred second part?
What is a distal?
What is distributive aspect?
What is a distributive numeral?
What is ditransitivity?
What is a diversion schema?
What is a double stop?
What is a downgrade?
What is dual number?
What is dubitative mood?
What is a dummy word?

Glossary (Linguistics): E

What is an echo question?
What is an elaboration relation?
What is elative case?
What is an elementary illocutionary act?
What is elicitation?
What is an elicitation frame?
What is elision?
What is an elliptical construction?
What is an embedded repair?
What is empathetic deixis?
What is an emphasis marker?
What is an emphatic additive relation?
What is an emphatic alternative relation?
What is an emphatic pronoun?
What is an enablement relation?
What is an enablement schema?
What is an enclitic?
What is an endocentric construction?
What is an end-of-path schema?
What is endophora?
What is an entity metaphor?
What is an environment?
What is epistemic modality?
What is an epistemic qualification?
What is equative case?
What is an equative clause?
What is an equilibrium schema?
What is an equivalent?
What is ergative case?
What is essive case?
What is etymology?
What is a euphemism?
What is evaluation information?
What is an evaluation relation?
What is an event?
What is an evidence relation?
What is evidentiality?
What is an evoked entity?
What is an exclamation?
What is an exclamative?
What is an exclusive alternative relation?
What is exclusive first person deixis?
What is an exemplification relation?
What is an existential clause?
What is an existential marker?
What is an exocentric construction?
What is exophora?
What is experiencer as a semantic role?
What is experiential perfect aspect?
What is exposed repair?
What is expository discourse?
What is expository text?
What is an expressive illocutionary point?
What is extendedness?
What is extension?
What is an external relation?
What is an external relative clause?
What is extraposition?

Glossary (Linguistics): F

What is factitive as a semantic role?
What is failure of fit?
What is familiarity?
What is feminine gender?
What is a field distinction?
What is a field notebook?
What is a figurative sense?
What is a final clause?
What is a finite clause?
What is a finite verb?
What is a first part?
What is first person deixis?
What is fit?
What is a fixed collocation?
What is a fixed lexical collocation?
What is a flouting implicature?
What is focus?
What is force as a semantic role?
What is a force schema?
What is formal language?
What is formality?
What is a fortis consonant?
What is a fossilized term?
What is a free morpheme?
What is a free translation?
What is free variation?
What is a function word?
What is a fusional language?
What is future perfect tense?
What is future tense?
What is future-in-future tense?
What is future-in-past tense?
What is future-perfect-in-past tense?

Glossary (Linguistics): G

What is a gap?
What is grammatical gender?
What is a generalized implicature?
What is generative phonology?
What is a generic term?
What is a generic-specific lexical relation?
What is genitive case?
What is genre?
What is gestural usage?
What is given information?
What is given versus new information?
What is a gloss?
What is a glottal stop?
What is the glottis?
What is goal as a semantic role?
What is a grammatical category?
What is a grammatical relation?
What is grammatical tone?
What is grounding?

Glossary (Linguistics): H

What is habitual aspect?
What is a head?
What is the head of a phrase?
What is a headword?
What is a hedged performative?
What is a hesitation pause?
What is hesternal past tense?
What is a hierarchical lexical relation?
What is hodiernal future tense?
What is hodiernal past tense?
What is a homograph?
What is a homonym?
What is a homophone?
What is homophora?
What is a honorific?
What is horizontal deixis?
What is hortatory discourse?
What is hortatory text?
What is a host?
What is a human class?
What is hyperbole?
What is hypothetical mood?

Glossary (Linguistics): I

What is identity of illocutionary forces?
What is an ideophone?
What is an idiom?
What is illative case?
What is an illocutionary act?
What is an illocutionary conditional?
What is an illocutionary connective?
What is illocutionary consistency?
What is an illocutionary denegation?
What is illocutionary force?
What is an illocutionary force indicating device?
What is illocutionary inconsistency?
What is an illocutionary point?
What is an illocutionary verb?
What is an illustrative sentence?
What is an image schema?
What is immediacy?
What is an immediate constituent?
What is immediate imperative mood?
What is immediate past tense?
What is imperative mood?
What is imperfective aspect?
What are impermissible mixed metaphors?
What is an impersonal verb?
What is an implicational scale?
What is an implicature?
What is imprecative mood?
What is an inalienable noun?
What is an inanimate class?
What is inchoative aspect?
What is an inclusive alternative relation?
What is inclusive first person deixis?
What is an indefinite concessive relation?
What is an indefinite pronoun?
What is indefiniteness?
What is indirect illocution?
What is an indirect object?
What is indirect speech?
What is an individual-group lexical relation?
What is inessive case?
What is an inferable entity?
What is inferior status?
What is an infield distinction?
What is an infinitive?
What is an infix?
What is infixation?
What is inflection?
What is an inflectional affix?
What is an inflectional category?
What is informal language?
What is the informativeness principle?
What is an initiative time latency?
What is an insertion sequence?
What is instrument as a semantic role?
What is instrumental case?
What is an intended perlocutionary effect?
What is an intensifier?
What is an interjection?
What is an internal relation?
What is an internal relative clause?
What is an interpretation relation?
What is an interpropositional relation?
What is interrogative mood?
What is an interrogative pro-form?
What is intimate social deixis?
What is intonation?
What is intransitivity?
What is irony?
What is irrealis modality?
What is an irregular verb?
What is an isolating language?
What is iterative aspect?

Glossary (Linguistics): J

What is judgment modality?
What is jussive mood?
What is a justification relation?

Glossary (Linguistics): K

What is kinetic distinction?

Glossary (Linguistics): L

What is labialization?
What is a language associate?
What is a lapse?
What is lative case?
What is length?
What is a lenis consonant?
What is a lexeme?
What is a lexical category?
What is a lexical database?
What is a lexical form?
What is lexical phonology?
What is a lexical relation?
What is a lexical relation elicitation frame?
What is a lexical relation set?
What is a lexical relation with a scale structure?
What is a lexical relation with a set of pairs structure?
What is a lexical relation with a simple set structure?
What is a lexical relation with a tree structure?
What is lexical tone?
What is a lexical unit?
What is a lexical verb?
What is a lexicon?
What is a link schema?
What is a literal meaning in a lexical database?
What is a literal translation?
What is litotes?
What is locative as a semantic role?
What is locative case?
What is a logical relation?

Glossary (Linguistics): M

What is a main clause?
What is a major entry in a lexical database?
What is manner as a semantic role?
What is a manner implicature?
What is manner of articulation?
What is a manner of discourse?
What is a marker?
What is a marking clause?
What is masculine gender?
What is a mass noun?
What is a matrix?
What is a matrix sentence?
What is meaning?
What is meaning and pragmatic function?
What is a means-purpose relation?
What is a means-result relation?
What is measure as a semantic role?
What is a medial clause?
What is mediopassive voice?
What is meiosis?
What is a metaphor?
What is metaphorical entailment?
What is metonymy?
What is metrical phonology?
What is middle voice?
What is a minimal pair?
What is a minor entry in a lexical database?
What is a misplacement marker?
What are mixed metaphors?
What is a mode of achievement?
What is a moderate epistemic qualification?
What is modification?
What is a modifier?
What is mood and modality?
What is a morph?
What is a morpheme?
What is a morpheme type?
What is a morphological process?
What is morphological typology?
What is morphology?
What is a morphophonemic rule?
What is morphophonemics?
What is a morphosyntactic operation?
What is a motivation relation?
What is a move?
What is a multiplicative numeral?

Glossary (Linguistics): N

What is a narrative discourse?
What is a narrative text?
What is nasalization?
What is a nasalized vowel?
What is a natural class?
What is necessity?
What is negation?
What is a negative conditional relation?
What is a negative purpose relation?
What is neuter gender?
What is new information?
What is a new metaphor?
What is a newsmark?
What is a next turn repair initiator?
What is a nominal?
What is a nominal clause?
What is a nominalization?
What is nominative case?
What is a nonconventional implicature?
What is a nonconversational implicature?
What is a nondefective illocutionary act?
What is nonextendedness?
What is a nonfinite clause?
What is a nonfinite verb?
What is nonfuture tense?
What is nonpast tense?
What is nonrecent past tense?
What is nonremote past tense?
What is a nonrestrictive relative clause?
What is nonspecificity?
What is a nonvisual evidential?
What is notional?
What is not-yet tense?
What is a noun?
What is a noun adjunct?
What is a noun class?
What is a noun phrase?
What is a nuclear syllable?
What is number?
What is a numeral?

Glossary (Linguistics): O

What is an object?
What is an object complement?
What is obligative mood?
What is an oblique object?
What is an obliterative overlap?
What is obviative person deixis?
What is an offprint?
What is an oh-receipt?
What is onomatopoeia?
What is an onset?
What is an ontological metaphor?
What is an open class?
What is an open presupposed proposition?
What is an opposite lexical relation?
What is optative mood?
What is an ordinal numeral?
What is an orientational metaphor?
What is an other-initiated repair?
What is an other-repair?
What is an out-of-field distinction?
What is an overall organization?
What is overlap?
What is an oxymoron?

Glossary (Linguistics): P

What is a phonological derivation?
What is a parable?
What is a paradigm?
What is a paradigmatic lexical relation?
What is a paradox?
What is paralipsis?
What is parataxis?
What is a parenthesis relation?
What is paronomasia?
What is a participant role?
What is a participle?
What is a particle?
What is a particularized implicature?
What is partitive case?
What is a partitive numeral?
What is a part-whole schema?
What is a passing turn?
What is passive voice?
What is past perfect tense?
What is past tense?
What is a path?
What is a path schema?
What is patient as a semantic role?
What is a perfect?
What is a perfect of persistent situation?
What is a perfect of recent past?
What is a perfect of result?
What is perfective aspect?
What is a performative?
What is a performative verb?
What is a perlocutionary act?
What is perlocutionary failure?
What is a perlocutionary verb?
What are permissible mixed metaphors?
What is permissive mood?
What is person deixis?
What is a personal pronoun?
What is personification?
What is a pesky little particle?
What is a phone?
What is a phoneme?
What is a phonetically similar segment?
What is phonetics?
What is phonological hierarchy?
What is phonological symmetry?
What is a phonological universal?
What is phonology?
What is a phrasal verb?
What is a phrase?
What is pitch?
What is place deixis?
What is place of articulation?
What is plural number?
What is polarity?
What is politeness?
What is a polysynthetic language?
What is a portmanteau morph?
What is a position?
What is a possessive noun?
What is a possessive pronoun?
What is possibility?
What is post-hodiernal future tense?
What is a postposition?
What is a postpositional phrase?
What is a post-sequence?
What is a potential implicature?
What is a potential presupposition?
What is pragmatics?
What is a preannouncement?
What is a prearrangement?
What is the precategorial class?
What is precative mood?
What is a preclosing?
What is a predicate?
What is a predicate adjective?
What is a predicate noun?
What is a predicator?
What is predictable information?
What is predictive future tense?
What is a preface?
What is a preferred second part?
What is a prefix?
What is prefixation?
What is prehesternal past tense?
What is prehodiernal past tense?
What is a preinvitation?
What is prenasalization?
What is a preparatory condition?
What is a preposition?
What is a prepositional phrase?
What is a prerequest?
What is present tense?
What is a presequence?
What is a prespan-end relation?
What is a presupposition?
What is a presupposition denial?
What is a presupposition suspension?
What is a presupposition trigger?
What is a preterit?
What is a previousness relation?
What is a primary sense?
What is a pro-adjective?
What is a pro-adverb?
What is a procedural discourse?
What is a procedural text?
What is a proclitic?
What is a productive affix?
What is a pro-form?
What is progressive aspect?
What is prohibitive mood?
What is prolative case?
What is a pronominal?
What is a pronoun?
What is a proper noun?
What is a proportional relation?
What is a proposition?
What is a propositional act?
What is a propositional content condition?
What is a prospective?
What is a prototype?
What is a pro-verb?
What is a proximal?
What is a proximal-distal dimension?
What is proximate person deixis?
What is a pseudo-cleft sentence?
What is a pun?

Glossary (Linguistics): Q

What is a quality implicature?
What is a quantifier?
What is a quantity implicature?
What is a question?
What is a quotative evidential?

Glossary (Linguistics): R

What is range as a semantic role?
What is a range of reference?
What is rank?
What is a rank lexical relation?
What is a ratified participant?
What is realis modality?
What is a reason-result relation?
What is receiving time?
What is recent past tense?
What is a reciprocal pronoun?
What is reduplication?
What is reference?
What is a reference clause?
What is a reference grammar?
What is a referent?
What is a referent honorific?
What is the referential realm?
What is a reflexive pronoun?
What is a reflexive verb?
What is a reformulation?
What is a rejection finalizer?
What is a relational proposition?
What is relational social deixis?
What is a relative adverb?
What is a relative clause?
What is relative future tense?
What is relative nonfuture tense?
What is relative nonpast tense?
What is relative past tense?
What is relative present tense?
What is a relative pronoun?
What is relative tense?
What is a relativizer?
What is a relator?
What is a relevance implicature?
What is remote future tense?
What is remote past tense?
What is a repair?
What is a repartee discourse?
What is a restatement relation?
What is a restraint removal schema?
What is a restrictive relative clause?
What is a result?
What is a reverential form?
What is a rhetorical question?
What is a rhotacized vowel?
What is a rime?
What is a root?

Glossary (Linguistics): S

What is salient information?
What is a same subject marker?
What is a scalar implicature?
What is a scalar property lexical relation?
What is a scale schema?
What is a second part?
What is second person deixis?
What is a secondary articulation?
What is a secondary sense?
What is a segment?
What is self-initiated repair?
What is self-repair?
What is a semantic component?
What is a semantic role?
What is semantics?
What is a sense?
What is a sense group?
What is a sense type?
What is a sensory evidential?
What is a sentence?
What is a sentence adverb?
What is a sentence elicitation frame?
What is sentential complementation?
What is a separable affix?
What is a sequence?
What is a sequential relation?
What is a serial verb construction?
What is setting information?
What is silence?
What is a similar pair?
What is a similarity relation?
What is a simile?
What is a simple sentence?
What is a simulfix?
What is a simultaneous relation?
What is a sincerity condition?
What is singular number?
What is a singulative?
What is a situational elicitation frame?
What is a situationally evoked entity?
What is social deixis?
What is solidarity?
What is a solutionhood relation?
What is the sonority scale?
What is source as a participant role?
What is source as a semantic role?
What is a source domain?
What is a speaker?
What is a specialized figurative text?
What is a specification relation?
What is specificity?
What is speculative mood?
What is a speech act?
What is a standard implicature?
What is the state of the glottis?
What is a statement?
What is a stative verb?
What is status?
What is a stem?
What is stem modification?
What is still tense?
What is a stop?
What is strength of illocutionary point?
What is strength of sincerity conditions?
What is stress?
What is a strong epistemic qualification?
What is a structural metaphor?
What is a subentry in a lexical database?
What is a subject?
What is a subject complement?
What is subjunctive mood?
What is a subordinate clause?
What is a subordinating conjunction?
What is a substance metaphor?
What is a substantive?
What is subtraction?
What is success of fit?
What is a suffix?
What is suffixation?
What is a summary relation?
What is a summons-answer sequence?
What is superessive case?
What is superior status?
What is supplemental information in a definition?
What is suppletion?
What is a suprafix?
What is a suprasegmental?
What is switch reference?
What is a switching pause?
What is a syllabic consonant?
What is syllabification?
What is a syllable?
What is a syllepsis?
What is symbolic usage?
What is a synecdoche?
What is a synonym lexical relation?
What is a syntactic category?
What is a syntactic function?
What is a syntagmatic lexical relation?

Glossary (Linguistics): T

What is a tag question?
What is a tag statement?
What is a target?
What is a target domain?
What is a temporal relation?
What is tense?
What is a text?
What is a text genre?
What is a textually evoked entity?
What is a theme?
What is a thesaurus category?
What is third person deixis?
What is a third turn repair?
What is time as a semantic role?
What is time deixis?
What is token-reflexive deixis?
What is tone?
What is a topic?
What is transcription?
What is a transitive verb?
What is transitivity?
What is translational equivalence?
What is translative case?
What is a transverse?
What is a trial number?
What is a trope?
What is a try-marker?
What is a turn?
What is a turn location?
What is a twin-pan balance schema?

Glossary (Linguistics): U

What is an ultimate constituent?
What is an unbound root?
What is an unbound stem?
What is unbounded deixis?
What is a universal?
What is an unproductive affix?
What is an unratified participant?
What is an unused entity?
What is an upgrade?
What is a usage type?
What is an utterance?
What is an utterance act?

Glossary (Linguistics): V

What is valency?
What is a verb? (Linguistics)
What is a verb phrase?
What is a verbal adjective?
What is a verbal noun?
What is a verbal particle?
What is vertical deixis?
What is a verticality schema?
What is a visual evidential?
What is vocative case?
What is a vocoid?
What is voice?
What is a voiceless vowel?
What is volitive modality?
What is a vowel?
What is vowel harmony?
What is a vowel modification?

Glossary (Linguistics): W

What is a weak epistemic qualification?
What is a whole presupposed proposition?
What is a whole-part lexical relation?
What is a wh-question?
What is a word?
What are writing and style manuals?

Glossary (Linguistics): Y

What is a yes-no question?

Glossary (Linguistics): Z

What is a zero?
What is a zero affix?
What is zero anaphora?
What is a zero morph?

Glossary (Linguistics): Related terms

Comparison and contrast of wordform, word, morpheme, and syllable
Comparison of inflection and derivation
Comparison of morpheme-morph-allomorph and phoneme-phone-allophone
Comparison of semantic role and grammatical relation
Comparison of various syntactic, grammatical and semantic classes, relations, categories

Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 29 January 2004

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