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What is optative mood?

 

Definition
 

Optative mood is a volitive mood that signals wishing or hoping.

Example (Classical Greek)
 

Here is an example of optative mood (diacritical markings are not reproduced here):

 
ei gar genoime:n teknon anti sou nekros
oh that become.1SINGULAR.AORIST.OPTATIVE son instead-of thou corpse
‘O that I might be a corpse, my child, instead of you!’
 

(Euripides, Hypolytus 1410 cited by Palmer 1986 117 )

Generic
  Optative mood is a kind of
 
Sources
 

Chung and Timberlake 1985 247

 

Nida 1949 168

 

Pei and Gaynor 1954 54, 154–155

 

Bybee 1985 166

 

Mish 1991 828

 

Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 839

 

Palmer 1986 116–118

 

Crystal 1985 90


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