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What is grounding?



Grounding refers to establishing the time, location or actuality of a situation according to some reference point.


Certain morphosyntactic operations, such as inflection, ground the situation that the clause describes.


If the operation is…

Then the reference point is normally …


Now (the time of utterance).


Here (the place of utterance).

Modal or evidential

Actuality (the situation described by the clause did or will actually take place).

See also

Payne 1997b

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Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

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