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What is an orientational metaphor?

 

Definition
 

An orientational metaphor is a metaphor in which concepts are spatially related to each other, as in the following ways:

 
  • Up or down
  • In or out
  • Front or back
  • On or off
  • Deep or shallow
  • Central or peripheral
Examples (English)
 
  • The following sentences express the happy-as-up and the sad-as-down metaphors:

    • I'm feeling up.
    • That boosted my spirits.
    • Thinking about her always gives me a lift.
    • I'm feeling down.
    • I fell into a depression.

    Source:

    Lakoff, G. and Johnson 1980 15

  • Generic
      An orientational metaphor is a kind of
     
    Source
     

    Lakoff, G. and Johnson 1980 14–15, 18


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