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What is a verb? (Linguistics)

 

Definition
 

A verb is a member of the syntactic class of words that

 
  • typically signal events and actions
  • constitute, singly or in a phrase, a minimal predicate in a clause
  • govern the number and types of other constituents which may occur in the clause, and
  • in inflectional languages, may be inflected for

    • tense
    • aspect
    • voice
    • modality, or
    • agreement with other constituents in

      • person
      • number, or
      • grammatical gender.
Kinds
  Here are some kinds of verbs:
 
Generic
  A verb is a kind of
 
Sources
 

Crystal 1980 374

 

Hartmann and Stork 1972 248

 

Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 96

 

Mish 1991 1309

 

Givón 1984 52


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