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What is a prospective?

 

Definition
 

A prospective is a grammaticalization of the relationship of a present state to a future situation. It indicates that one is in a present state of being about to do something.

Example (English)
 
  • Bill is going to throw himself off the cliff.
  •  

    The item going to is a statement of Bill’s present state and is true irrespective of whether he is stopped or not.

     
    Source:

    Comrie 1985b 65

    Sources
     

    Dahl 1985 111–112

     

    Comrie 1985b 64–65, 106


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