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What is a perfect?



A perfect is a grammaticalization of the current relevance, at the moment of utterance, of an event or state that occurred prior to the moment of utterance.

Example (English)
  • The word have in I have already given at the office indicates a perfect.
  • Kinds
      Here are some kinds of perfects:

    Pei and Gaynor 1954 163


    Richards, Platt, and Weber 1985 211


    Elson and Pickett 1988 28


    Comrie 1976a 12, 52–53


    Crystal 1980 224


    Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 190


    Mish 1991 873

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    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

    Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

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