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What is a participle?

 

Definition
 

A participle is a lexical item, derived from a verb, that has some of the characteristics and functions of both verbs and adjectives.

 

The adjectival form of the term participle is participial.

Examples (English)
 

In English, participles may be used as adjectives, and in nonfinite forms of verbs.

 

Here are some examples of participles:

 
  • 'He ate a boiled egg for breakfast.'
  • 'I like to see smiling faces.'
  • 'You are singing a good song.'
  • 'I have exercised.'
  • 'He has eaten dinner already.'
  • 'She got a bad sunburn while playing in the pool.'
Sources
 

Crystal 1991 251

 

Neufeldt 1991 985


Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

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