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What is dative case?

 

Definition
 

Dative case is a case that marks any of the following:

 
  • Indirect objects (for languages in which they are held to exist)
  • Nouns having the role of

    • recipient (as of things given)
    • beneficiary of an action, or
    • possessor of an item
Example (German)
 
  • The word mir ‘(to) me’ is in dative case, as seen in the following sentence.

  • Gib mir Brot. Give me bread.
  • This word contrasts with ich ‘I’ and mich ‘me’.

  • Generic
      Dative case is a kind of
     
    Sources
     

    Crystal 1980 102

     

    Gove 1966 577


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    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

    Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

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