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What is an affix? (Linguistics)

 

Definition
 

An affix is a bound morpheme that is joined before, after, or within a root or stem.

Discussion
 

An affix is joined by derivation or inflection.

Kinds
  Here are some kinds of affixes:
 
Comparison of kinds of affixes
 

Here is a table showing some kinds of affixes with examples:

 

Affix

Relationship to root or stem

Example

prefix

Occurs in the front of a root or stem

unhappy

suffix

Occurs at the end of a root or stem

happiness

infix

Occurs inside of a root or stem

bumili 'buy' (Tagalog, Philippines)

circumfix

Occurs in two parts on both outer edges of a root or stem

kabaddangan 'help' (Tuwali Ifugao, Philippines)

simulfix

Replaces one or more phonemes in the root or stem

man + plural > men

suprafix

Superimposed on one or more syllables in the root or stem as a suprasegmental

stress in the words 'produce, n. and pro'duce, v.

Generic
  An affix is a kind of
 
Sources
 

Crystal 1980 17

 

Hartmann and Stork 1972 6

 

Mish 1991 62


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Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

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