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What is politeness?



Politeness is social deixis that expresses a low degree of solidarity between the speaker and the addressee.

Examples (German, French)
  • Some uses of the second person pronouns Sie in German and vous in French signal politeness.


    Hartmann and Stork 1972 179

  • Generic
      Politeness is a kind of

    Hartmann and Stork 1972 179


    Brown, R. and Gilman 1960 253

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