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What is optative mood?



Optative mood is a volitive mood that signals wishing or hoping.

Example (Classical Greek)

Here is an example of optative mood (diacritical markings are not reproduced here):

ei gar genoime:n teknon anti sou nekros
oh that become.1SINGULAR.AORIST.OPTATIVE son instead-of thou corpse
‘O that I might be a corpse, my child, instead of you!’

(Euripides, Hypolytus 1410 cited by Palmer 1986 117 )

  Optative mood is a kind of

Chung and Timberlake 1985 247


Nida 1949 168


Pei and Gaynor 1954 54, 154–155


Bybee 1985 166


Mish 1991 828


Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 839


Palmer 1986 116–118


Crystal 1985 90

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