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What is middle voice?

 

Definition
 

Middle voice is a voice that indicates that the subject is the actor and acts

 
  • upon himself or herself reflexively, or
  • for his or her own benefit.
 

In the case of plural subjects, the actors may, perhaps, act upon each other.

Example (Greek)
 

Here is an example of middle voice [diacritical markings are omitted here]:

 
  • The Greek verb louomai means ‘I wash myself.’

    Source:

    Hartmann and Stork 1972 252

  • Generic
      Middle voice is a kind of
     
    Sources
     

    Elson and Pickett 1988 31

     

    Bybee 1985 20–21

     

    Pei and Gaynor 1954 137

     

    Hartmann and Stork 1972 252

     

    Nida 1949 168

     

    Mish 1991 752


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    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

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