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What is middle voice?



Middle voice is a voice that indicates that the subject is the actor and acts

  • upon himself or herself reflexively, or
  • for his or her own benefit.

In the case of plural subjects, the actors may, perhaps, act upon each other.

Example (Greek)

Here is an example of middle voice [diacritical markings are omitted here]:

  • The Greek verb louomai means ‘I wash myself.’


    Hartmann and Stork 1972 252

  • Generic
      Middle voice is a kind of

    Elson and Pickett 1988 31


    Bybee 1985 20–21


    Pei and Gaynor 1954 137


    Hartmann and Stork 1972 252


    Nida 1949 168


    Mish 1991 752

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    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

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