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What is epistemic modality?



Epistemic modality is a modality that connotes how much certainty or evidence a speaker has for the proposition expressed by his or her utterance.

Example (English)
  • There’s no answer; he must have already left.
  • Kinds
      Here are some kinds of epistemic modality:
      Epistemic modality is a kind of

    Crystal 1985 110


    Chung and Timberlake 1985 242


    Bybee 1985 165–166


    Palmer 1986 10–11, 51

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