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What is an indirect object?



An indirect object is a grammatical relation that is one means of expressing the semantic role of goal and other similar roles.


It is proposed for languages in which the role is distinct from the direct object and the oblique object on the basis of multiple independent syntactic or morphological criteria, such as the following:

  • Having a particular case marking, commonly dative
  • Governing an agreement affix on the verb, such as person or number
  • Being distinct from oblique relations in that it may be relativized
  An indirect object is a kind of

Crystal 1985 156


Hartmann and Stork 1972 155–156


Pei and Gaynor 1954 99


Givón 1984 109–110


Mish 1991 614


Andrews, A. 1985 126–128


Comrie 1989 66

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