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What is an immediate constituent?



An immediate constituent is any one of the largest grammatical units that constitute a construction. Immediate constituents are often further reducible.

Examples (English)
  • In the complex noun phrase the dog that killed the cat, each of the following items are immediate constituents:

    • the
    • dog
    • that killed the cat
  • Generic
      An immediate constituent is a kind of

    Crystal 1985 68


    Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 38


    Mish 1991 281

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