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What is an affix? (Grammar)



An affix is a bound morpheme which adds lexical or syntactic information to a root or stem.


Some languages have zero affixes, whereby meaning is conveyed by the absence of an affix.

Compare and contrast: Affix and root or stem

Here is a table that compares and contrasts affixes and roots or stems:



Roots or Stems

Usually have grammatical meaning (but derivational affixes may have lexical meaning).

Usually have lexical meaning.

Are usually members of closed syntactic classes.

Are usually members of open syntactic classes.

Are always bound.

May be bound or free.

Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

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