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What is a verb? (Linguistics)



A verb is a member of the syntactic class of words that

  • typically signal events and actions
  • constitute, singly or in a phrase, a minimal predicate in a clause
  • govern the number and types of other constituents which may occur in the clause, and
  • in inflectional languages, may be inflected for

    • tense
    • aspect
    • voice
    • modality, or
    • agreement with other constituents in

      • person
      • number, or
      • grammatical gender.
  Here are some kinds of verbs:
  A verb is a kind of

Crystal 1980 374


Hartmann and Stork 1972 248


Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 96


Mish 1991 1309


Givón 1984 52

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