View table of contents for this book View table of contents for LinguaLinksLibrary Go to LinguaLinks home page
 

What is a metaphor?

 

Definition
 

Here are two senses of metaphor:

 
  1. A metaphor is the expression of an understanding of one concept in terms of another concept, where there is some similarity or correlation between the two.
  2. A metaphor is the understanding itself of one concept in terms of another.
Examples (English)
 
  • The following sentences illustrate how the metaphorical understanding of anger-as-fire is expressed:

    • Your insincere apology just added fuel to the fire.
    • After the argument, Dave was smoldering for days.
    • That kindled my ire.
    • Boy, am I burned up!

    Source:

    Lakoff, G. 1987 388

  • Kinds
      Here are some kinds of metaphors:
     
    Generic
      A metaphor is a kind of
     
    Sources
     

    Johnson 1981b 4, 18–27, 43

     

    Beekman and Callow 1974 124

     

    Mish 1991 746

     

    Lakoff, G. 1987 388–389


    Context for this page:

    Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

    Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

    © 2004 SIL International