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What is a circumfix?



A circumfix is an affix made up of two separate parts which surround and attach to a root or stem.


The morphological process whereby this is achieved is called circumfixation.

Example (Tuwali Ifugao, Philippines)

The circumfix ka--an is a nominalizer and surrounds a root.

  • baddang: root ‘help’ v.
  • ka--an: circumfix ‘NOMR’
  • kabaddangan: word ‘helpfulness’
  • Generic
      A circumfix is a kind of

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