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How to do a Needs Analysis

 

Introduction
 

Suppose you are sitting down to write objectives for yourself. How do you know where to start? How do you get more specific? You cannot work on everything at the same time. What should your priorities be?

 

One way to work out your priorities is to do a needs analysis for yourself, in which you analyze your own language learning needs.

Warning
 

You may find some items with high ratings on your list that are inappropriate for your current stage of learning. For example, it may be important and urgent to you to be able to persuade someone to adopt a certain course of action, but this is not an appropriate goal to include in a lesson plan for a beginner.

Worksheet
 

There is a worksheet available to help you do a needs analysis:

Steps
  Follow these steps to do a Needs Analysis:
 
  1. Think of situations in which you want or need to use the language:
    • at home
    • in work situations
    • for pleasure
    • for socializing
    • in learning situations
  2. For each situation, list specific things you need to do using the language.
  3. Rank each need on your list from one to five according to three criteria:
    • The frequency with which the need arises
    • The urgency of the need
    • Its importance to you personally
  4. Add the three ratings to get a total.

    Results: The items with the highest totals represent what you most want to include in your learning program.

Sources
 

This method is adapted from Dickenson, 1987.


Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 3.5, published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 1999. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 21 March 1999

© 1999 SIL International