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Your personality type and language learning

 

Introduction
 

According to Madeleine Ehrman, each of the preferences that make up a psychological type has its assets and liabilities when it comes to language learning.

Assets and liabilities
 

Here are the major assets and liabilities of each personality preference:

 

Preference

Assets

Liabilities

Extroversion

  • Willing to take conversational risks
  • Dependent on outside stimulation and interaction

Introversion

  • Concentration
  • Self-sufficiency

  • Need to process ideas before speaking may lead to avoidance of risks in conversation

Sensing

  • Hard, systematic work
  • Attention to detail
  • Close observation
  • Hindered by lack of clear sequence, goals, syllabus, structure in language or course

Intuition

  • Inferencing and guessing from context
  • Structuring own training
  • Conceptualizing and model-building
  • Inaccuracy and missing important details
  • Seeking complexity of discourse

Thinking

  • Analysis
  • Self-discipline
  • Instrumental motivation

  • Performance anxiety because self-esteem is attached to achievement
  • Excessive need for control (language and process)

Feeling

  • Integrative motivation, bonding with teachers or speakers of language
  • Good relations leading to good self-esteem
  • Discouraged if not appreciated
  • Disrupted by lack of interpersonal harmony

Judging

  • Systematic work
  • Get the job done (whatever it is)
  • Rigidity
  • Intolerance of ambiguous stimuli

Perceiving

  • Open
  • Flexible
  • Adaptable to change and new experiences
  • Laziness
  • Inconsistent pacing over the long haul
Sources
 

Ehrman 1989

See also
  To see how other aspects of your learning style can be used to your advantage, see
 

Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 3.5, published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 1999. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 21 March 1999

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