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Four basic language skills

 

Introduction
 

Language educators have long used the concepts of four basic language skills:

 
  • Listening
  • Speaking
  • Reading
  • Writing
 

The four basic skills are related to each other by two parameters:

 
  • the mode of communication: oral or written
  • the direction of communication: receiving or producing the message
 

We may represent the relationships among the skills in the following chart:

 

Oral

Written

Receptive

Listening

Reading

Productive

Speaking

Writing

 

The following modules will briefly describe some characteristics of each basic skill.

In this module group
 
See also
 

Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 3.5, published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 1999. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 21 March 1999

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