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ISO 639-3 Macrolanguage Mappings


Other parts of ISO 639 have included identifiers designated as individual language identifiers that correspond in a one-to-many manner with individual language identifiers in this part of ISO 639. The latter are designated as macrolanguages in ISO 639-3. This table provides the complete set of mappings from macrolanguages to the individual languages that comprise them.

Order by:  

Macrolanguage      
or
Individual language  

Macrolanguages Individual languages
Identifier Name Identifier Name
aka Akan fat Fanti
  twi Twi
ara Arabic aao Algerian Saharan Arabic
  abh Tajiki Arabic
  abv Baharna Arabic
  acm Mesopotamian Arabic
  acq Ta'izzi-Adeni Arabic
  acw Hijazi Arabic
  acx Omani Arabic
  acy Cypriot Arabic
  adf Dhofari Arabic
  aeb Tunisian Arabic
  aec Saidi Arabic
  afb Gulf Arabic
  ajp South Levantine Arabic
  apc North Levantine Arabic
  apd Sudanese Arabic
  arb Standard Arabic
  arq Algerian Arabic
  ars Najdi Arabic
  ary Moroccan Arabic
  arz Egyptian Arabic
  auz Uzbeki Arabic
  avl Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic
  ayh Hadrami Arabic
  ayl Libyan Arabic
  ayn Sanaani Arabic
  ayp North Mesopotamian Arabic
  bbz Babalia Creole Arabic
  pga Sudanese Creole Arabic
  shu Chadian Arabic
  ssh Shihhi Arabic
aym Aymara ayc Southern Aymara
  ayr Central Aymara
aze Azerbaijani azb South Azerbaijani
  azj North Azerbaijani
bal Baluchi bcc Southern Balochi
  bgn Western Balochi
  bgp Eastern Balochi
bik Bikol bcl Central Bikol
  bhk Albay Bicolano  (Retired 1/15/2010)
  bln Southern Catanduanes Bikol
  bto Rinconada Bikol
  cts Northern Catanduanes Bikol
  fbl West Albay Bikol
  lbl Libon Bikol
  rbl Miraya Bikol
  ubl Buhi'non Bikol
bnc Bontok ebk Eastern Bontok
  lbk Central Bontok
  obk Southern Bontok
  rbk Northern Bontok
  vbk Southwestern Bontok
bua Buriat bxm Mongolia Buriat
  bxr Russia Buriat
  bxu China Buriat
chm Mari (Russia) mhr Eastern Mari
  mrj Western Mari
cre Cree crj Southern East Cree
  crk Plains Cree
  crl Northern East Cree
  crm Moose Cree
  csw Swampy Cree
  cwd Woods Cree
del Delaware umu Munsee
  unm Unami
den Slave (Athapascan) scs North Slavey
  xsl South Slavey
din Dinka dib South Central Dinka
  dik Southwestern Dinka
  dip Northeastern Dinka
  diw Northwestern Dinka
  dks Southeastern Dinka
doi Dogri (macrolanguage) dgo Dogri (individual language)
  xnr Kangri
est Estonian ekk Standard Estonian
  vro Võro
fas Persian pes Iranian Persian
  prs Dari
ful Fulah ffm Maasina Fulfulde
  fub Adamawa Fulfulde
  fuc Pulaar
  fue Borgu Fulfulde
  fuf Pular
  fuh Western Niger Fulfulde
  fui Bagirmi Fulfulde
  fuq Central-Eastern Niger Fulfulde
  fuv Nigerian Fulfulde
gba Gbaya (Central African Republic) bdt Bokoto
  gbp Gbaya-Bossangoa
  gbq Gbaya-Bozoum
  gmm Gbaya-Mbodomo
  gso Southwest Gbaya
  gya Northwest Gbaya
  mdo Southwest Gbaya  (Retired 1/14/2008)
gon Gondi ggo Southern Gondi
  gno Northern Gondi
grb Grebo gbo Northern Grebo
  gec Gboloo Grebo
  grj Southern Grebo
  grv Central Grebo
  gry Barclayville Grebo
grn Guarani gnw Western Bolivian Guaraní
  gug Paraguayan Guaraní
  gui Eastern Bolivian Guaraní
  gun Mbyá Guaraní
  nhd Chiripá
hai Haida hax Southern Haida
  hdn Northern Haida
hbs Serbo-Croatian bos Bosnian
  hrv Croatian
  srp Serbian
hmn Hmong blu Hmong Njua  (Retired 1/14/2008)
  cqd Chuanqiandian Cluster Miao
  hea Northern Qiandong Miao
  hma Southern Mashan Hmong
  hmc Central Huishui Hmong
  hmd Large Flowery Miao
  hme Eastern Huishui Hmong
  hmg Southwestern Guiyang Hmong
  hmh Southwestern Huishui Hmong
  hmi Northern Huishui Hmong
  hmj Ge
  hml Luopohe Hmong
  hmm Central Mashan Hmong
  hmp Northern Mashan Hmong
  hmq Eastern Qiandong Miao
  hms Southern Qiandong Miao
  hmw Western Mashan Hmong
  hmy Southern Guiyang Hmong
  hmz Hmong Shua
  hnj Hmong Njua
  hrm Horned Miao
  huj Northern Guiyang Hmong
  mmr Western Xiangxi Miao
  muq Eastern Xiangxi Miao
  mww Hmong Daw
  sfm Small Flowery Miao
iku Inuktitut ike Eastern Canadian Inuktitut
  ikt Inuinnaqtun
ipk Inupiaq esi North Alaskan Inupiatun
  esk Northwest Alaska Inupiatun
jrb Judeo-Arabic ajt Judeo-Tunisian Arabic
  aju Judeo-Moroccan Arabic
  jye Judeo-Yemeni Arabic
  yhd Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
  yud Judeo-Tripolitanian Arabic
kau Kanuri kby Manga Kanuri
  knc Central Kanuri
  krt Tumari Kanuri
kln Kalenjin enb Markweeta
  eyo Keiyo
  niq Nandi
  oki Okiek
  pko Pökoot
  sgc Kipsigis
  spy Sabaot
  tec Terik
  tuy Tugen
kok Konkani (macrolanguage) gom Goan Konkani
  knn Konkani (individual language)
kom Komi koi Komi-Permyak
  kpv Komi-Zyrian
kon Kongo kng Koongo
  kwy San Salvador Kongo
  ldi Laari
kpe Kpelle gkp Guinea Kpelle
  xpe Liberia Kpelle
kur Kurdish ckb Central Kurdish
  kmr Northern Kurdish
  sdh Southern Kurdish
lah Lahnda hnd Southern Hindko
  hno Northern Hindko
  jat Jakati
  phr Pahari-Potwari
  pmu Mirpur Panjabi
  pnb Western Panjabi
  skr Seraiki
  xhe Khetrani
lav Latvian ltg Latgalian
  lvs Standard Latvian
luy Luyia bxk Bukusu
  ida Idakho-Isukha-Tiriki
  lkb Kabras
  lko Khayo
  lks Kisa
  lri Marachi
  lrm Marama
  lsm Saamia
  lto Tsotso
  lts Tachoni
  lwg Wanga
  nle East Nyala
  nyd Nyore
  rag Logooli
man Mandingo emk Eastern Maninkakan
  mku Konyanka Maninka
  mlq Western Maninkakan
  mnk Mandinka
  msc Sankaran Maninka
  mwk Kita Maninkakan
  myq Forest Maninka  (Retired )
mlg Malagasy bhr Bara Malagasy
  bjq Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy  (Retired )
  bmm Northern Betsimisaraka Malagasy
  bzc Southern Betsimisaraka Malagasy
  msh Masikoro Malagasy
  plt Plateau Malagasy
  skg Sakalava Malagasy
  tdx Tandroy-Mahafaly Malagasy
  tkg Tesaka Malagasy
  txy Tanosy Malagasy
  xmv Antankarana Malagasy
  xmw Tsimihety Malagasy
mon Mongolian khk Halh Mongolian
  mvf Peripheral Mongolian
msa Malay (macrolanguage) bjn Banjar
  btj Bacanese Malay
  bve Berau Malay
  bvu Bukit Malay
  coa Cocos Islands Malay
  dup Duano
  hji Haji
  ind Indonesian
  jak Jakun
  jax Jambi Malay
  kvb Kubu
  kvr Kerinci
  kxd Brunei
  lce Loncong
  lcf Lubu
  liw Col
  max North Moluccan Malay
  meo Kedah Malay
  mfa Pattani Malay
  mfb Bangka
  min Minangkabau
  mly Malay (individual language)  (Retired 2/18/2008)
  mqg Kota Bangun Kutai Malay
  msi Sabah Malay
  mui Musi
  orn Orang Kanaq
  ors Orang Seletar
  pel Pekal
  pse Central Malay
  tmw Temuan
  urk Urak Lawoi'
  vkk Kaur
  vkt Tenggarong Kutai Malay
  xmm Manado Malay
  zlm Malay (individual language)
  zmi Negeri Sembilan Malay
  zsm Standard Malay
mwr Marwari dhd Dhundari
  mtr Mewari
  mve Marwari (Pakistan)
  rwr Marwari (India)
  swv Shekhawati
  wry Merwari
nep Nepali (macrolanguage) dty Dotyali
  npi Nepali (individual language)
nor Norwegian nno Norwegian Nynorsk
  nob Norwegian Bokmål
oji Ojibwa ciw Chippewa
  ojb Northwestern Ojibwa
  ojc Central Ojibwa
  ojg Eastern Ojibwa
  ojs Severn Ojibwa
  ojw Western Ojibwa
  otw Ottawa
ori Oriya (macrolanguage) ory Oriya (individual language)
  spv Sambalpuri
orm Oromo gax Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo
  gaz West Central Oromo
  hae Eastern Oromo
  orc Orma
pus Pushto pbt Southern Pashto
  pbu Northern Pashto
  pst Central Pashto
que Quechua cqu Chilean Quechua
  qub Huallaga Huánuco Quechua
  qud Calderón Highland Quichua
  quf Lambayeque Quechua
  qug Chimborazo Highland Quichua
  quh South Bolivian Quechua
  quk Chachapoyas Quechua
  qul North Bolivian Quechua
  qup Southern Pastaza Quechua
  qur Yanahuanca Pasco Quechua
  qus Santiago del Estero Quichua
  quw Tena Lowland Quichua
  qux Yauyos Quechua
  quy Ayacucho Quechua
  quz Cusco Quechua
  qva Ambo-Pasco Quechua
  qvc Cajamarca Quechua
  qve Eastern Apurímac Quechua
  qvh Huamalíes-Dos de Mayo Huánuco Quechua
  qvi Imbabura Highland Quichua
  qvj Loja Highland Quichua
  qvl Cajatambo North Lima Quechua
  qvm Margos-Yarowilca-Lauricocha Quechua
  qvn North Junín Quechua
  qvo Napo Lowland Quechua
  qvp Pacaraos Quechua
  qvs San Martín Quechua
  qvw Huaylla Wanca Quechua
  qvz Northern Pastaza Quichua
  qwa Corongo Ancash Quechua
  qwc Classical Quechua
  qwh Huaylas Ancash Quechua
  qws Sihuas Ancash Quechua
  qxa Chiquián Ancash Quechua
  qxc Chincha Quechua
  qxh Panao Huánuco Quechua
  qxl Salasaca Highland Quichua
  qxn Northern Conchucos Ancash Quechua
  qxo Southern Conchucos Ancash Quechua
  qxp Puno Quechua
  qxr Cañar Highland Quichua
  qxt Santa Ana de Tusi Pasco Quechua
  qxu Arequipa-La Unión Quechua
  qxw Jauja Wanca Quechua
raj Rajasthani bgq Bagri
  gda Gade Lohar
  gju Gujari
  hoj Hadothi
  mup Malvi
  wbr Wagdi
rom Romany rmc Carpathian Romani
  rmf Kalo Finnish Romani
  rml Baltic Romani
  rmn Balkan Romani
  rmo Sinte Romani
  rmw Welsh Romani
  rmy Vlax Romani
sqi Albanian aae Arbëreshë Albanian
  aat Arvanitika Albanian
  aln Gheg Albanian
  als Tosk Albanian
srd Sardinian sdc Sassarese Sardinian
  sdn Gallurese Sardinian
  src Logudorese Sardinian
  sro Campidanese Sardinian
swa Swahili (macrolanguage) swc Congo Swahili
  swh Swahili (individual language)
syr Syriac aii Assyrian Neo-Aramaic
  cld Chaldean Neo-Aramaic
tmh Tamashek taq Tamasheq
  thv Tahaggart Tamahaq
  thz Tayart Tamajeq
  ttq Tawallammat Tamajaq
uzb Uzbek uzn Northern Uzbek
  uzs Southern Uzbek
yid Yiddish ydd Eastern Yiddish
  yih Western Yiddish
zap Zapotec zaa Sierra de Juárez Zapotec
  zab San Juan Guelavía Zapotec
  zac Ocotlán Zapotec
  zad Cajonos Zapotec
  zae Yareni Zapotec
  zaf Ayoquesco Zapotec
  zai Isthmus Zapotec
  zam Miahuatlán Zapotec
  zao Ozolotepec Zapotec
  zaq Aloápam Zapotec
  zar Rincón Zapotec
  zas Santo Domingo Albarradas Zapotec
  zat Tabaa Zapotec
  zav Yatzachi Zapotec
  zaw Mitla Zapotec
  zax Xadani Zapotec
  zca Coatecas Altas Zapotec
  zoo Asunción Mixtepec Zapotec
  zpa Lachiguiri Zapotec
  zpb Yautepec Zapotec
  zpc Choapan Zapotec
  zpd Southeastern Ixtlán Zapotec
  zpe Petapa Zapotec
  zpf San Pedro Quiatoni Zapotec
  zpg Guevea De Humboldt Zapotec
  zph Totomachapan Zapotec
  zpi Santa María Quiegolani Zapotec
  zpj Quiavicuzas Zapotec
  zpk Tlacolulita Zapotec
  zpl Lachixío Zapotec
  zpm Mixtepec Zapotec
  zpn Santa Inés Yatzechi Zapotec
  zpo Amatlán Zapotec
  zpp El Alto Zapotec
  zpq Zoogocho Zapotec
  zpr Santiago Xanica Zapotec
  zps Coatlán Zapotec
  zpt San Vicente Coatlán Zapotec
  zpu Yalálag Zapotec
  zpv Chichicapan Zapotec
  zpw Zaniza Zapotec
  zpx San Baltazar Loxicha Zapotec
  zpy Mazaltepec Zapotec
  zpz Texmelucan Zapotec
  zsr Southern Rincon Zapotec
  ztc Lachirioag Zapotec  (Retired 7/18/2007)
  zte Elotepec Zapotec
  ztg Xanaguía Zapotec
  ztl Lapaguía-Guivini Zapotec
  ztm San Agustín Mixtepec Zapotec
  ztn Santa Catarina Albarradas Zapotec
  ztp Loxicha Zapotec
  ztq Quioquitani-Quierí Zapotec
  zts Tilquiapan Zapotec
  ztt Tejalapan Zapotec
  ztu Güilá Zapotec
  ztx Zaachila Zapotec
  zty Yatee Zapotec
zha Zhuang ccx Northern Zhuang  (Retired 1/14/2008)
  ccy Southern Zhuang  (Retired 7/18/2007)
  zch Central Hongshuihe Zhuang
  zeh Eastern Hongshuihe Zhuang
  zgb Guibei Zhuang
  zgm Minz Zhuang
  zgn Guibian Zhuang
  zhd Dai Zhuang
  zhn Nong Zhuang
  zlj Liujiang Zhuang
  zln Lianshan Zhuang
  zlq Liuqian Zhuang
  zqe Qiubei Zhuang
  zyb Yongbei Zhuang
  zyg Yang Zhuang
  zyj Youjiang Zhuang
  zyn Yongnan Zhuang
  zzj Zuojiang Zhuang
zho Chinese cdo Min Dong Chinese
  cjy Jinyu Chinese
  cmn Mandarin Chinese
  cpx Pu-Xian Chinese
  czh Huizhou Chinese
  czo Min Zhong Chinese
  gan Gan Chinese
  hak Hakka Chinese
  hsn Xiang Chinese
  lzh Literary Chinese
  mnp Min Bei Chinese
  nan Min Nan Chinese
  wuu Wu Chinese
  yue Yue Chinese
zza Zaza diq Dimli (individual language)
  kiu Kirmanjki (individual language)