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The Linguist's Shoebox

Integrated data management and analysis for the field linguist

Tip

Set up case associations for the primary sorting characters in language encodings.

In Shoebox language encodings, you must set up the association between uppercase and lowercase characters. After you have set up and tested the sort order, you can use it to define the case associations:

  1. From the Project menu, choose Language Encodings.
  2. From the Language Encodings list, select the appropriate language encoding and click Modify.
  3. From the Sort Orders list, select the sort order and click Modify.
  4. In the Primary characters box, select all the characters and copy them to the Clipboard.
  5. Click Cancel.
  6. Click the Case tab.
  7. In the Case Associations box, select all the characters and replace them by pasting the primary characters from the Clipboard.
  8. Find any lines that contain multiple sets of corresponding uppercase and lowercase characters (e.g., C c Ç ç). Break them into separate lines, each of which contains a single set of "case associates" (e.g., C c).
    Note: Shoebox allows one uppercase character to be associated with multiple lowercase (e.g., A a à á â).
  9. Find any lines that contain only a single character. Delete these lines. In the Case Associations box, every line should contain two or more characters. For example, when glottal stop is written as ' in an orthography, it ordinarily does not have separate uppercase and lowercase forms.
  10. Click OK, then click Close.

Some writing systems do not have case distinctions (e.g., Cree, Devanagri, and IPA phonetics). It is important to delete any default case associations:

  1. From the Project menu, choose Language Encodings.
  2. From the Language Encodings list, select the appropriate language encoding and click Modify.
  3. Click the Case tab.
  4. In the Case Associations box, if there are any characters, delete them.
  5. Click OK, then click Close.

Index of tips: case associations; language encoding properties; primary sorting characters; sort orders
List of tips