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The Linguist's Shoebox

Integrated data management and analysis for the field linguist

Index of tips

Topic Tip
active window

There are several ways for you to switch between windows.
You can make Shoebox use a window as a jump target.

alternate forms

The Shoebox parser works according to the longest-match principle.
Alternate and underlying forms in the lexical database affect the Shoebox parser.

ambiguities See parsing
analyzing data See data analysis
anthropology

Identify research team members and sources of information in database records.
Shoebox provides files that you can you can use for anthropology research.

associations, case See case associations
audiences Researchers need to identify the primary audience for a dictionary.
backing up files Back up your Shoebox files regularly.
bibliography Identify research team members and sources of information in database records.
bold font style How do you know which settings Shoebox is using?
browsers See web browsers
browsing You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
When you are browsing, you can easily switch to the "record" view.
The Browse Fields dialog box allows you to specify text for empty and missing fields.
You can analyze your data by sorting, filtering, and displaying browse fields.
buttons In Shoebox, the right mouse button is a valuable shortcut.
card filing Principles of card filing also apply to data management in Shoebox.
case associations Options for matching characters relate to the sort order and case associations.
Set up case associations for the primary sorting characters in language encodings.
categories Jump paths describe relationships in the data.
Range sets consist of the valid values for data fields that represent categories.
Thoroughly categorize, index, and cross-reference your data to maximize its usefulness.
categories, irregular forms The Multi-Dictionary Formatter (MDF) lets you define categories for irregular forms.
categories, linking to topics Data links are special jump paths that are similar to hypertext links.
Categories in observation databases should be linked to topics in analysis databases.
categories, parts of speech Lexicographers should identify morphological subclasses within a part of speech category.
Researchers should continually refine their notions about parts of speech categories.
categories, semantic Semantic categories are useful for analyzing, managing, and publishing lexical data.
Publishing a series of topically-oriented volumes contributes to completion of a dictionary.
changing markers You can change individual field markers and "rename" markers everywhere.
character sets Language encodings define the characteristics of multilingual data.
characters, matching Set up variables after you have set up the sort order in a language encoding.
Options for matching characters relate to the sort order and case associations.
checking consistency See consistency checks
clicking You can select text using the mouse.
In Shoebox, the right mouse button is a valuable shortcut.
computers, multiple If you use Shoebox on multiple computers, use the same version.
computers, speed of Installing additional memory in your computer can increase the speed and capacity of Shoebox.
consistency Shoebox can automatically provide a "template" of data fields for new records.
You can define a marker for following field.
consistency checks The consistency check for data links reminds you to enter related data.
Range sets consist of the valid values for data fields that represent categories.
The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
Consistency checks can help you find errors and inconsistencies in the data.
correcting errors Remember to correct errors in your database files, not just in exported files.
cross-references Jump paths describe relationships in the data.
Data links are special jump paths that are similar to hypertext links.
The consistency check for data links reminds you to enter related data.
data analysis You can use sorting and filtering to find data items that occur multiple times.
Text-based linguistics is a solid foundation for understanding a language and culture.
Categories in observation databases should be linked to topics in analysis databases.
Filtering using And and Or might match different records than you intend.
You can analyze your data by sorting, filtering, and displaying browse fields.
data entry Enter different kinds of information in separate data fields.
What is the difference between the Jump To and Jump Insert commands?
Use multiple data fields rather than a semicolon (;) to enter multiple glosses, etc.
See also lexical data
data entry, consistency The consistency check for data links reminds you to enter related data.
Consistency checks can help you find errors and inconsistencies in the data.
Shoebox can automatically provide a "template" of data fields for new records.
You can define a marker for following field.
data links Data links are special jump paths that are similar to hypertext links.
The consistency check for data links reminds you to enter related data.
The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
Categories in observation databases should be linked to topics in analysis databases.
data management What is Shoebox?
You can change individual field markers and "rename" markers everywhere.
You can filter date stamp fields.
Shoebox can automatically "stamp" database records with the date last edited.
data management, principles An important—but neglected—principle of data management is to stay caught up.
Principles of card filing also apply to data management in Shoebox.
Thoroughly categorize, index, and cross-reference your data to maximize its usefulness.
data properties The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
database types Shoebox provides a basic database type for text files.
Database types define the structure of databases.
date stamp fields You can filter date stamp fields.
Shoebox can automatically "stamp" database records with the date last edited.
You can sort by date stamp fields.
definitions Lexical databases can contain multiple data fields for definitions and glosses.
deleting settings How do you know which settings Shoebox is using?
desktops In Shoebox, you can set up projects for different "workspaces" or "desktops".
dictionaries Publishing a series of topically-oriented volumes contributes to completion of a dictionary.
Lines in the list of primary sorting characters correspond to sections in a dictionary.
See also lexical data
See also lexicography
displaying fields The status bar displays the primary sorting field.
displaying markers You can display descriptive information in the marker pane.
displaying records Shoebox can display records from the same database in multiple windows.
When you are browsing, you can easily switch to the "record" view.
dragging You can select text using the mouse.
duplicating windows Shoebox can display records from the same database in multiple windows.
empty fields The Browse Fields dialog box allows you to specify text for empty and missing fields.
encodings, language See language encodings
entering data See data entry
errors See consistency
errors, correcting Remember to correct errors in your database files, not just in exported files.
example sentences Researchers should explore lexical relations before selecting example sentences.
exploratory data analysis You can use sorting and filtering to find data items that occur multiple times.
Researchers should explore lexical relations before selecting example sentences.
You can analyze your data by sorting, filtering, and displaying browse fields.
exporting dictionaries See dictionaries
exporting files Remember to correct errors in your database files, not just in exported files.
fields, alternate forms Alternate and underlying forms in the lexical database affect the Shoebox parser.
fields, browsing The Browse Fields dialog box allows you to specify text for empty and missing fields.
You can analyze your data by sorting, filtering, and displaying browse fields.
fields, date stamp You can filter date stamp fields.
Shoebox can automatically "stamp" database records with the date last edited.
You can sort by date stamp fields.
fields, definition and gloss You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
Lexical databases can contain multiple data fields for definitions and glosses.
fields, empty and missing The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
The Browse Fields dialog box allows you to specify text for empty and missing fields.
fields, following You can define a marker for following field.
fields, interlinear text Shoebox provides a basic database type for text files.
fields, irregular forms The Multi-Dictionary Formatter (MDF) lets you define categories for irregular forms.
fields, lexical functions The Multi-Dictionary Formatter (MDF) provides data fields for lexical functions.
fields, multiple You can use sorting and filtering to find data items that occur multiple times.
The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
Enter different kinds of information in separate data fields.
Use multiple data fields rather than a semicolon (;) to enter multiple glosses, etc.
If data fields can occur multiple times in a record, set up the marker hierarchy.
fields, researcher and source Identify research team members and sources of information in database records.
fields, semantic category Semantic categories are useful for analyzing, managing, and publishing lexical data.
Publishing a series of topically-oriented volumes contributes to completion of a dictionary.
fields, sorting The status bar displays the primary sorting field.
Secondary sorting fields are tie-breakers for the primary sorting field.
fields, source and destination Jump paths describe relationships in the data.
Data links are special jump paths that are similar to hypertext links.
fields, text Shoebox provides a basic database type for text files.
fields, underlying forms Alternate and underlying forms in the lexical database affect the Shoebox parser.
files, anthropology Shoebox provides files that you can you can use for anthropology research.
files, backing up Back up your Shoebox files regularly.
files, exporting Remember to correct errors in your database files, not just in exported files.
files, interlinear text See interlinear text
files, language encoding You can rename generic language encodings.
files, settings See settings
files, size of Installing additional memory in your computer can increase the speed and capacity of Shoebox.
files, text See text files
filing data Principles of card filing also apply to data management in Shoebox.
filtering You can use sorting and filtering to find data items that occur multiple times.
Filtering using And and Or might match different records than you intend.
You can filter date stamp fields.
You can analyze your data by sorting, filtering, and displaying browse fields.
finderlists You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
folders The user settings folder can help you keep your Shoebox files better organized.
following field You can define a marker for following field.
fonts Language encodings define the characteristics of multilingual data.
generic language encodings You can rename generic language encodings.
glosses You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
Lexical databases can contain multiple data fields for definitions and glosses.
Use multiple data fields rather than a semicolon (;) to enter multiple glosses, etc.
greedy matching See longest-match principle
hierarchy If data fields can occur multiple times in a record, set up the marker hierarchy.
homonyms You can write word formulas to eliminate invalid parses.
How do lexicographers decide between different words and different senses?
hypertext links See data links
inconsistencies See consistency
indexes You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
inserting records What is the difference between the Jump To and Jump Insert commands?
installing memory Installing additional memory in your computer can increase the speed and capacity of Shoebox.
interlinear text Text-based linguistics is a solid foundation for understanding a language and culture.
Shoebox provides a basic database type for text files.
See also parsing
invalid parses See parsing
irregular forms The Multi-Dictionary Formatter (MDF) lets you define categories for irregular forms.
See also alternate forms
jump paths Jump paths describe relationships in the data.
Data links are special jump paths that are similar to hypertext links.
jump target You can make Shoebox use a window as a jump target.
jumping The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
There are several ways for you to switch between windows.
What is the difference between the Jump To and Jump Insert commands?
language encoding properties Set up variables after you have set up the sort order in a language encoding.
Options for matching characters relate to the sort order and case associations.
Shoebox lets you set up multiple sort orders for a language encoding.
Lines in the list of primary sorting characters correspond to sections in a dictionary.
Set up case associations for the primary sorting characters in language encodings.
language encodings You can rename generic language encodings.
Language encodings define the characteristics of multilingual data.
lexemes A dictionary can be organized either by roots or by lexemes.
lexical data Alternate and underlying forms in the lexical database affect the Shoebox parser.
You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
Identify research team members and sources of information in database records.
Semantic categories are useful for analyzing, managing, and publishing lexical data.
Lexical databases can contain multiple data fields for definitions and glosses.
The Multi-Dictionary Formatter (MDF) lets you define categories for irregular forms.
The Multi-Dictionary Formatter (MDF) provides data fields for lexical functions.
lexicography Text-based linguistics is a solid foundation for understanding a language and culture.
Lexicographers should identify morphological subclasses within a part of speech category.
Researchers should explore lexical relations before selecting example sentences.
Researchers need to identify the primary audience for a dictionary.
A dictionary can be organized either by roots or by lexemes.
How do lexicographers decide between different words and different senses?
Researchers should continually refine their notions about parts of speech categories.
lexicon See dictionaries
links See data links
longest-match principle The Shoebox parser works according to the longest-match principle.
lower case See case associations
managing data See data management
markers, changing You can change individual field markers and "rename" markers everywhere.
markers, displaying You can display descriptive information in the marker pane.
markers, following You can define a marker for following field.
markers, hierarchy If data fields can occur multiple times in a record, set up the marker hierarchy.
matching characters Set up variables after you have set up the sort order in a language encoding.
Options for matching characters relate to the sort order and case associations.
memory, installing Installing additional memory in your computer can increase the speed and capacity of Shoebox.
Microsoft Word What is Shoebox?
Database types define the structure of databases.
missing fields The Browse Fields dialog box allows you to specify text for empty and missing fields.
morphological parsing See parsing
morphological subclasses Lexicographers should identify morphological subclasses within a part of speech category.
mouse You can select text using the mouse.
In Shoebox, the right mouse button is a valuable shortcut.
Multi-Dictionary Formatter See dictionaries
multilingual data Language encodings define the characteristics of multilingual data.
multiple computers If you use Shoebox on multiple computers, use the same version.
multiple data fields You can use sorting and filtering to find data items that occur multiple times.
Enter different kinds of information in separate data fields.
Use multiple data fields rather than a semicolon (;) to enter multiple glosses, etc.
If data fields can occur multiple times in a record, set up the marker hierarchy.
multiple sort orders Shoebox lets you set up multiple sort orders for a language encoding.
multiple windows Shoebox can display records from the same database in multiple windows.
national language See generic language encodings
panes You can select text using the mouse.
You can display descriptive information in the marker pane.
parsing You can write word formulas to eliminate invalid parses.
The Shoebox parser works according to the longest-match principle.
Alternate and underlying forms in the lexical database affect the Shoebox parser.
See also interlinear text
parts of speech Lexicographers should identify morphological subclasses within a part of speech category.
Researchers should continually refine their notions about parts of speech categories.
primary audience Researchers need to identify the primary audience for a dictionary.
primary sorting characters Lines in the list of primary sorting characters correspond to sections in a dictionary.
Set up case associations for the primary sorting characters in language encodings.
primary sorting field The status bar displays the primary sorting field.
projects In Shoebox, you can set up projects for different "workspaces" or "desktops".
properties See language encoding properties
publishing dictionaries Publishing a series of topically-oriented volumes contributes to completion of a dictionary.
range sets Range sets consist of the valid values for data fields that represent categories.
The data properties of fields affect the way that Shoebox interprets them.
records, displaying Shoebox can display records from the same database in multiple windows.
When you are browsing, you can easily switch to the "record" view.
records, new What is the difference between the Jump To and Jump Insert commands?
Shoebox can automatically provide a "template" of data fields for new records.
regional language See generic language encodings
renaming language encodings You can rename generic language encodings.
renaming markers You can change individual field markers and "rename" markers everywhere.
research, anthropology See anthropology
research, lexicography See lexicography
researchers Identify research team members and sources of information in database records.
right mouse button In Shoebox, the right mouse button is a valuable shortcut.
roots A dictionary can be organized either by roots or by lexemes.
scripts Language encodings define the characteristics of multilingual data.
secondary sorting fields Secondary sorting fields are tie-breakers for the primary sorting field.
selecting text You can select text using the mouse.
semantic domains Semantic categories are useful for analyzing, managing, and publishing lexical data.
Publishing a series of topically-oriented volumes contributes to completion of a dictionary.
semicolons Use multiple data fields rather than a semicolon (;) to enter multiple glosses, etc.
senses How do lexicographers decide between different words and different senses?
settings How do you know which settings Shoebox is using?
In Shoebox, you can set up projects for different "workspaces" or "desktops".
The user settings folder can help you keep your Shoebox files better organized.
See also database types
See also language encodings
shortcuts In Shoebox, the right mouse button is a valuable shortcut.
size of files Installing additional memory in your computer can increase the speed and capacity of Shoebox.
sort orders Set up variables after you have set up the sort order in a language encoding.
Options for matching characters relate to the sort order and case associations.
Shoebox lets you set up multiple sort orders for a language encoding.
Lines in the list of primary sorting characters correspond to sections in a dictionary.
Set up case associations for the primary sorting characters in language encodings.
sorting You can use sorting and filtering to find data items that occur multiple times.
The status bar displays the primary sorting field.
You can analyze your data by sorting, filtering, and displaying browse fields.
Secondary sorting fields are tie-breakers for the primary sorting field.
You can sort by date stamp fields.
sources Identify research team members and sources of information in database records.
speed of Shoebox Installing additional memory in your computer can increase the speed and capacity of Shoebox.
status bar You can hide the toolbar and status bar, if you prefer not to use them.
The status bar displays the primary sorting field.
subclasses, morphological Lexicographers should identify morphological subclasses within a part of speech category.
surface forms See alternate forms
switching between windows There are several ways for you to switch between windows.
template, database Shoebox can automatically provide a "template" of data fields for new records.
text files Text-based linguistics is a solid foundation for understanding a language and culture.
Shoebox provides a basic database type for text files.
text, selecting You can select text using the mouse.
thesaurus Semantic categories are useful for analyzing, managing, and publishing lexical data.
Publishing a series of topically-oriented volumes contributes to completion of a dictionary.
toolbar You can hide the toolbar and status bar, if you prefer not to use them.
topics See categories
translation approximations You can set up a window as a gloss index (finderlist) by sorting and browsing.
underlying forms The Shoebox parser works according to the longest-match principle.
Alternate and underlying forms in the lexical database affect the Shoebox parser.
upper case See case associations
user settings folder How do you know which settings Shoebox is using?
The user settings folder can help you keep your Shoebox files better organized.
valid parses See parsing
validation See consistency checks
variables Set up variables after you have set up the sort order in a language encoding.
vernacular language See generic language encodings
versions of Shoebox If you use Shoebox on multiple computers, use the same version.
web browsers What is Shoebox?
Database types define the structure of databases.
windows In Shoebox, you can set up projects for different "workspaces" or "desktops".
You can make Shoebox use a window as a jump target.
windows, multiple Shoebox can display records from the same database in multiple windows.
windows, switching between There are several ways for you to switch between windows.
word formulas You can write word formulas to eliminate invalid parses.
word processors See Microsoft Word
workspaces In Shoebox, you can set up projects for different "workspaces" or "desktops".
writing systems See scripts

List of tips