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T08 Situation of the farming

1

Tongtongen
tongtong
tongtong
talk
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
will talk
V
ko
ko
ko1
1SG.GEN.POSS
Pro
I
Pro
ye
ye
ye
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
kahahaad
kahahaad
kahahaad
circumstance
N
situation
N
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
pagtalon
pag-
pag-1
SG.GER
V>N
talon
talon
farm
V
farming
V
,
oli
oli
oli2
regarding
Conn
because
Conn
kallan
kalla
kalla
3PL.DAT
Pro
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
3PLObl
Pro
magtalon
mag-
mag-
OCCUP
V>N
talon
talon
farm
V
farmer
N
.

I will talk about the situation of farming regarding the farmers.

2

Hiyay
hiyay
hiyay
TM
Prep
TM
V
pagtalon
pag-
pag-1
SG.GER
V>N
talon
talon
rice field
N
farming
N
,
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
matabon
ma-
ma-
Adj, SG
Adj>Adj
tabon
tabon
weedy
Adj
weedy
Adj
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
kete
kete
kete
and
Conn
and
Conn
palahpahan
pa-
pa-
CAUS
V>V
lahpah
lahpah
chop weeds
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
cause to chop weeds
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
po
=po
=po
=yet
Adv
yet
Adv
.

As for the farming, if it (the field) is weedy, you clear the weeds in it first.

3

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
mayango
ma-
ma-
Adj, SG
Adj>Adj
yango
yango
dry up, wither
Adj
dried up
Adj
yayna
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
he already
Pro
kete
kete
kete
and
Conn
and
Conn
tikhoban
tikhob
tikhob
set fire
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
set on fire
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
yayna
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
it already
Pro
.

And if it is already dry, set it already on fire.

4

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
naolam
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
olam
olam
burn
V
ana
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
now
Adv
,
mandogih
nay
na
na
3SG.GEN
Pro
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
mangadado
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
ang--
paN -1
PL
V>V
adado
adado
plow
V
will plow
V
.

And if it is already burned, the plowing will already start.

5

No
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
nayadi
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
yadi
yadi
finish
V
finished
V
yaynan
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
3S
Pro
naadado
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
adado
adado
plow
N
,
palahpahen
pa-
pa-
CAUS
V>V
lahpah
lahpah
chop weeds
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
chop weeds
V
moy
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
ilamon
ilamon
ilamon
weed, grass
N
weeds
N
na
na
na
3SG.GEN
Pro
3S
Pro
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
tambak
tambak
tambak
dike
N
dike
N
,
ta
ta
ta1
for
Conn
for
Conn
omon
omon
omon
as, like
Conn
as, like
Conn
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
matigaan
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
ka-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
tiga
tiga
clean
Adj
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
will be clean
V
.

When the plowing is finished, you clear the dike of the weeds so that it is clean.

6

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
matigaan
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
ka-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
tiga
tiga
clean
Adj
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
will be clean
V
yaynay
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=yna
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
tambak
tambak
tambak
dike
N
dike
N
,
malyadi
malyadi
malyadi
possible
Adj
possible
Adv
nay
na
na
3SG.GEN
Pro
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
maghoyod
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
ag-
pag -2
DUR
V>V
hoyod
hoyod
harrow
V
will harrow
V
.

And when the dike is clean, it is possible to harrow.

7

Hoyoden
hoyod
hoyod
harrow
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
will harrow
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
po
=po
=po
=yet
Adv
yet
Adv
,
ta
ta
ta1
for
Conn
for
Conn
biha
biha
biha
and then
Conn
and then
Conn
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
tampitampian
tampi
tampi
enlarge
V
tampi
tampi
enlarge
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
enlarge
V
ti
ti
ti
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
tambak
tambak
tambak
dike
N
dike
N
omon
omon
omon
as, like
Conn
as, like
Conn
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
ahe
ahe
ahe
not
Adv
not
Adv
domaoy
^0-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
-om-
-om-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
daoy
daoy
flow
V (mot)
ti
ti
ti
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
lanom
lanom
lanom
water
N
water
N
nan
nan
nan
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
talon
talon
talon
rice field
N
rice field
N
boy
boy
boy
and
Conn
and
Conn
ahe
ahe
ahe
not
Adv
not
Adv
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
mamal-an
ti
ti
ti
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
hinoyod
-in-
-in-1
PFV, OV
V:aspect/voice
hoyod
hoyod
harrow
V
(
inahway
-in-
-in-1
PFV, OV
V:aspect/voice
ahway
ahway
harrow
V
).

Harrow it first, in order then to make the dike bigger and bigger so that the water of the field does not run away and the harrowed field does not become dry.

8

No
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
nahoyod
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
hoyod
hoyod
harrow
V
moyna
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
,
ihadya
^0-
^0-3
PseudoV
PseudoV>PseudoV
i-
pi-
HAB
V>V
hadya
hadya
prepare
V
moynay
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=yna
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

bonobon
bonobon
bonobon
seedling
N
seedling
N
.

If you harrowed already you prepare the seedlings.

9

Noba
noba
noba
but
Conn
but
Conn
palpalan
palpal
palpal
level a field
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
level field
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
po
=po
=po
=yet
Adv
yet
Adv
,
pamalaan
pa-
pa-
CAUS
V>V
mala
mala
dry
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
cause to dry
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
ya
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
3S
Pro
boy
boy
boy
and
Conn
and
Conn
palpalan
palpal
palpal
level a field
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
level field
V
.

But level it first, let it dry and level it.

10

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
napalpalan
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
a-
ka-2
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
palpal
palpal
flat side
N
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
yayna
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
it already
Pro
,
palanoman
pa-
pa-
CAUS
V>V
lanom
lanom
water
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
water
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
yan
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
3S
Pro
oman
oman
oman
again
Adv
again
Adv
.

And when it is leveled, water it again.

11

Biha
biha
biha
and then
Conn
and then
Conn
kaynan
ka
ka
2SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
2S already
Pro
mananem
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
an-
paN -1
PL.GER
N>V
anem
tanem
plant
N
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
paday
paday
paday
rice plant
N
rice
N
.

And then you already plant the rice.

12

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
nakatanem
yaynay
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=yna
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
paday
paday
paday
rice plant
N
rice
N
,
mamalabah
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
am-
paN -1
PL
V>V
a-
ka-2
labah
labah1
pass by
V (mot)
ka
ka
ka
2SG.NOM
Pro
2S
Pro
po
=po
=po
=yet
Adv
yet
Adv
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
maghay
magha
magha
1
CardNum
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

CardNum
Dominggo
.

And when the rice is planted, let one week pass by.

13

Malyadi
malyadi
malyadi
possible
Adj
possible
Adv
kaynan
ka
ka
2SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
2S already
Pro
mangabono
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
ang-
paN -1
PL.GER
N>V
abono
abono
fertilizer
N
.

?It's possible for you to fertilize.

14

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
maabonoan
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
a-
ka-2
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
abono
abono
fertilizer
N
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
moyna
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
,
bilewen
bilew
bilew
see
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
look at
V
mon
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
2S
Pro
manged
ma-
ma-
Adj, SG
Adj>Adj
nged
nged
good
Adj
well
Adv
,
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
maada
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
^0-
^0-4
Adj > V
Adj>V
ada
ada
beautiful
Adj
anay
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Adv
tobo
tobo
tobo2
sprout
V (mot)
sprout
V
nan
nan
nan
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
paday
paday
paday
rice plant
N
rice
N
.

And when you have applied the fertilizer watch carefully if the shoots of the rice are beautifully.

15

Tigaan
tiga
tiga
clean
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
clean
V
ti
ti
ti
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
ilamon
ilamon
ilamon
weed, grass
N
weeds
N
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
holipan
holip
holip
weed
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
will become weedy
V
.

Clean out the weeds when you remove it.

16

Holipan
holip
holip
weed
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
remove weeds
V
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
main
main
main
EXT
PseudoV
EXT
V
ilamon
ilamon
ilamon
weed, grass
N
weeds
N
.

Remove the weeds if they are any.

17

Yabayin
yabayin
yabayin
this
Dem
this
Pro
ti
ti
ti
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
manamham
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
an-
paN -1
PL
V>V
amham
hamham
snatch
V
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
abono
abono
abono
fertilizer
N
fertilizer
N
.

That is what snatches the fertilizer away.

18

Kayabay
kaya-bay
kaya-bay
therefore
Adv
therefore
Adv
holipan
holip
holip
weed
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
remove weeds
V
.

So, remove the weeds.

19

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
maholipan
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
a-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
holip
holip
weed
V
-an
-an
GV
V:(voice suffix)
will weed
V
moyna
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
,
pangaagad
moyna
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
,
pamapalanom
pam-
paN -1
PL.GER
V>N
a-
ka-2
pa-
pa-
CAUS
V>V
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
lanom
lanom
water
N
anggan
angga
angga
until
Prep
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
until
Conn
manawa
manawa
manawa
produce
V
will bear fruit
V
yaynay
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=yna
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
paday
paday
paday
rice plant
N
rice
N
.

And when you have removed the weeds, wait continuously, water the field again and again until the rice bears fruit.

20

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
manawa
manawa
manawa
produce
V
will bear fruit
V
yaynay
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=yna
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Pro
paday
paday
paday
rice plant
N
rice
N
,
malabong
ma-
ma-
Adj, SG
Adj>Adj
labong
labong
many
Adj
many
Adj
a
a
a
LNK
Conn
LNK
Conn
pipi
pipi
pipi1
rice bird
N
rice bird
N
a
a'
a'
REL
Conn
REL
Conn
mangan
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
ang--
paN -1
PL
V>V
an
kan
eat
V
will eat
V
boy
boy
boy
and
Conn
and
Conn
hilay
hilay
hilay1
PropmrkrPL
Prep

Prep
dagih
dagih
dagih
rat
N
rat
N
.

And when the rice already bears fruit, there will be many rice birds eating it and the rats.

21

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
mangikonin
ka
ka
ka
2SG.NOM
Pro
2S
Pro
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
pamatey
pam-
paN -1
PL.GER
V>N
atey
patey
die
V
killing
N
kanla
kanla
kanla
3PL.DAT
Pro
of them
Pro
boy
boy
boy
and
Conn
and
Conn
boyawen
boyaw
boyaw
scare away
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
scare away
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
hilay
hilay
hilay1
PropmrkrPL
Prep

Prep
pipi
pipi
pipi1
rice bird
N
rice bird
N
,
ta
ta
ta1
for
Conn
for
Conn
omon
omon
omon
as, like
Conn
as, like
Conn
homain
homain
homain
none
V
none
V
(
nin
nin
nin1
GEN
Prep
GEN
Prep
)
mandama
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
an-
paN -1
PL.GER
V>N
dama
dama
destroy
V
ha
ha
ha1
OBL
Prep
OBL
Prep
tanaman
tanaman
tanaman
plants
N
plants
N
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
your
Pro
.

So you should place some poison for them and scare off the rice birds, so that nothing will do damage to your plantation.

22

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
malyadiynan
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
alyadi
alyadi
happen
V
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
=n
=n
=COMP
Conn
can
V
popolen
popol
popol
harvest
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
will harvest
V
,
mamalot
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
a-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
malot
malot
harvest cogon grass
V
harvest cogon grass
V
kayna
ka
ka
2SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
.

When it is possible to harvest, cut (the rice plants) using a bent machete.

23

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
mamalot
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
a-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
malot
malot
harvest cogon grass
V
harvest cogon grass
V
ana
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
now
Adv
,
pehten
peteh
peteh
tie
V
-en
-en
OV
V:(voice suffix)
tie
V
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
yayna
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
it already
Pro
.

When it is already cut, bind it.

24

No
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
napteh
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
pteh
peteh
bamboo strip
N
moyna
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
,
ipenpen
^0-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
i-
i-
CV
V:(voice prefix)
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
penpen
penpen
rice ear bundles
N
mo
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
you
Pro
yayna
ya
ya
3SG.NOM
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
it already
Pro
.

When you were able to tied (it), heap it up.

25

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
napenpen
n -
n -2
PFV
V:aspect
^0-
^0-2
AV
V:(voice prefix)
a-
ka-2
^0-
^0-1
N>V
N>V
penpen
penpen
rice ear bundles
N
ana
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
now
Adv
,
ipagiek
^0-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
i-
i-
CV
V:(voice prefix)
pa-
pa-
CAUS
V>V
giek
giek
thresh
V
moyna
mo
mo
2SG.GEN
Pro
=ana
=ana
=already
Adv
you already
Pro
.

And when already heaped up, you have (it) threshed it already.

26

Ket
ket
ket
and
Conn
and
Conn
no
no'
no'
if, when
Conn
if, when
Conn
magiek
m-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
a-
ka-2
STA OV
V:stative voice
giek
giek
thresh
V
will thresh
V
ana
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
now
Adv
,
iakot
^0-
m-
CTPLT
V:aspect
i-
i-
CV
V:(voice prefix)
akot
akot
transport
V
ana
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
now
Adv
ha
ha
ha1
OBL
Prep
OBL
Prep
baey
baey
baey
house
N
house
N
ye
ye
ye
NOM
Prep
NOM
Prep
ilik
ilik
ilik
rice, unmilled
N
unmilled rice
N
,
ta
ta
ta1
for
Conn
for
Conn
ignop
ana
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
now
Adv
.

And when you will have already been able to thresh (it), you transport the unmilled rice to the house to put it away.

27

Yabayin
yabayin
yabayin
this
Dem
this
Pro
anay
=ana
=ana
=now
Adv
=y
=y
=NOM
Prep

Adv
alahan
ko
ko
ko1
1SG.GEN.POSS
Pro
I
Pro
.

That is already my end.