View table of contents for this book View table of contents for LinguaLinksLibrary Go to LinguaLinks home page
 

What is given information?

 

Definition
 

Given information is information that is assumed by the speaker to be known to, assumed by, or inferable by the addressee at the time of the speaker's utterance, because it is

 
  • common knowledge
  • part of the extralinguistic context, or
  • previously established in the discourse.
Discussion
 

Given information often is

 
  • placed early in a sentence, and
  • spoken with a low amount of stress.
Kinds
  Here are some kinds of given information:
 
Generic
  Given information is a kind of
 
Sources
 

Crystal 1985 136

 

Crystal 1980 161–162

 

Levinson 1983 88

 

Quirk, Greenbaum, Leech, and Svartvik 1985 1360–1362

 

Prince 1981 230


Context for this page:

Go to SIL home page This page is an extract from the LinguaLinks Library, Version 5.0 published on CD-ROM by SIL International, 2003. [Ordering information.]

Page content last modified: 5 January 2004

© 2004 SIL International